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Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2006 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 69,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 22.3 - - -
Population justification: Brooke (2004) estimated the global population to number around 500,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
American Samoa Unknown Extant      
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Australia Vagrant Extant      
Bahamas Native Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Belize Vagrant Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant Yes    
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Brazil Vagrant Extant      
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant Yes    
Canada Vagrant Extant      
Cape Verde Native Extant      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Colombia Native Extant      
Comoros Native Extant Yes    
Cook Islands Unknown Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes  
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Dominica Native Extant      
Dominican Republic Native Extant      
Ecuador Native Extant      
Egypt Vagrant Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant   Yes  
Fiji Native Extant Yes    
French Polynesia Native Extant      
French Southern Territories Unknown Extant      
Gambia Unknown Extant      
Grenada Native Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Guatemala Native Extant      
Guinea Unknown Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Unknown Extant      
Guyana Native Extant      
Haiti Native Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Unknown Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Israel Vagrant Extant      
Jamaica Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kiribati Unknown Extant      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Madagascar Unknown Extant      
Maldives Native Extant      
Marshall Islands Unknown Extant      
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mauritania Unknown Extant      
Mauritius Native Extant      
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Mozambique Native Extant      
Nauru Unknown Extant      
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant      
Nicaragua Native Extant      
Niue (to New Zealand) Unknown Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Oman Native Extant Yes   Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palau Native Extant Yes    
Panama Native Extant      
Papua New Guinea Unknown Extant      
Peru Unknown Extant      
Philippines Unknown Extant      
Pitcairn Islands (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant      
Réunion (to France) Native Extant Yes    
Samoa Unknown Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Unknown Extant      
Seychelles Native Extant Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Solomon Islands Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant      
St Helena (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Martin (to France) Native Extant Yes    
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Tanzania Unknown Extant      
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Unknown Extant      
Tonga Native Extant Yes    
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Tuvalu Unknown Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant     Yes
USA Native Extant Yes    
Vanuatu Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant Yes    
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Unknown Extant      
Western Sahara Unknown Extant      
Yemen Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bahamas Allan's Cays site factsheet
Bahamas Cay Sal site factsheet
Bahamas Conception Island site factsheet
Bahamas Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park site factsheet
Bahamas Graham's Harbour site factsheet
Bahamas Low Cay, High Cay and Sandy Hook site factsheet
Bahamas Mira Por Vos site factsheet
Bahamas North Atlantic Abaco Cays site factsheet
Barbados Bird Rock site factsheet
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Saba site factsheet
British Indian Ocean Territory North Brother, Chagos Bank site factsheet
Comoros Mwali highlands site factsheet
Ecuador Áreas costeras de Fernandina y del occidente de Isabela site factsheet
Ecuador Isla Española site factsheet
Ecuador Isla Floreana site factsheet
Ecuador Isla San Cristóbal site factsheet
Ecuador Puerto Ayora site factsheet
Guyana Shell Beach site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Faror islands site factsheet
Martinique (to France) Îlets et falaises de Sainte Anne site factsheet
Oman Halaaniyaat Islands site factsheet
Oman Jazirat Hino site factsheet
Oman Khor Mughsayl site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Oman Musandam islands site factsheet
Oman Ras al Hadd site factsheet
Réunion (to France) Grand Bassin - Le Dimitile site factsheet
Réunion (to France) Grand Bénard - Tapcal site factsheet
Réunion (to France) Mouth of the Cirque de Salazie site factsheet
Réunion (to France) Plaine des Chicots - Plaine d'Affouches site factsheet
Réunion (to France) Rivière des Marsouins - Grand Etang site factsheet
Réunion (to France) Rivière des Remparts - Rivière Langevin site factsheet
Seychelles Aride island site factsheet
Trinidad and Tobago Little Tobago Island site factsheet
Trinidad and Tobago St Giles Islands site factsheet
Yemen Al-Mukha - Al-Khawkhah site factsheet
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza site factsheet
Yemen Jaza'ir al-Hanish site factsheet
Yemen Jaza'ir al-Zubayr site factsheet
Yemen Ra's Fartak site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Puffinus lherminieri. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Procellariidae (Petrels and shearwaters)
Species name author Lesson, 1839
Population size 500000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 10,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species