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Tahiti Petrel Pseudobulweria rostrata

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bde+3bde+4bde;B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2010 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2005 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 49,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 medium Estimated 2004
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.7 - - -
Population justification: The overall population of the species probably does not exceed 10,000 pairs (i.e. 20,000 mature individuals) and 30,000 individuals. It is thus placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals, and thought to number 20,000-30,000 individuals in total.
Trend justification: There are no data, however the species is thought to be declining, mainly due to nest predation by introduced predators.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
American Samoa Native Extant Yes      
Australia Native Extant   Yes    
Chile Unknown Extant        
Colombia Unknown Extant        
Cook Islands Unknown Extant Yes      
Costa Rica Unknown Extant        
Ecuador Unknown Extant        
El Salvador Unknown Extant        
Fiji Native Extant Yes      
French Polynesia Native Extant Yes      
French Southern Territories Unknown Extant        
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Unknown Extant        
Indonesia Unknown Extant        
Japan Unknown Extant        
Kiribati Unknown Extant        
Marshall Islands Unknown Extant        
Mexico Vagrant Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Nauru Unknown Extant        
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant Yes      
New Zealand Vagrant Extant        
Nicaragua Unknown Extant        
Niue (to New Zealand) Unknown Extant        
Norfolk Island (to Australia) Unknown Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Unknown Extant        
Palau Unknown Extant        
Panama Unknown Extant        
Papua New Guinea Unknown Extant        
Peru Unknown Extant        
Philippines Unknown Extant        
Pitcairn Islands (to UK) Unknown Extant        
Samoa Unknown Extant        
Solomon Islands Vagrant Extant        
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Unknown Extant        
Tonga Unknown Extant        
Tuvalu Unknown Extant        
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Unknown Extant        
Vanuatu Native Extinct Yes      
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Unknown Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
American Samoa Manu'a Islands Marine site factsheet
American Samoa National Park of American Samoa - Ta'u site factsheet
Fiji Gau Highlands site factsheet
Fiji Taveuni Highlands site factsheet
French Polynesia Crêtes et pentes du Mont Marau site factsheet
French Polynesia Mont Pahia site factsheet
French Polynesia Nord-ouest de Nuku Hiva site factsheet
French Polynesia Ua Huka site factsheet
French Polynesia Vallée d'Opunohu site factsheet
French Polynesia Vallée de Avera site factsheet
French Polynesia Vallée de la Papenoo site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Massif du Panié site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable breeding
Altitude 200 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Black Rat (Rattus rattus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Domestic Cat (Felis catus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Domestic Pig (Sus domesticus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified rats (Rattus spp.) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Excess energy / Light pollution Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pseudobulweria rostrata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Procellariidae (Petrels, Shearwaters)
Species name author (Peale, 1848)
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 49,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species