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Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 95,100,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.5 - - -
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Australia Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant       Yes
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant       Yes
Brunei Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant       Yes
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) Native Extant Yes      
Comoros Native Extant       Yes
Djibouti Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Eritrea Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Fiji Native Extant       Yes
French Polynesia Native Extant       Yes
Guam (to USA) Unknown Extant       Yes
India Native Extant       Yes
Indonesia Native Extant       Yes
Israel Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kenya Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kiribati Native Extant       Yes
Madagascar Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant       Yes
Maldives Native Extant Yes      
Marshall Islands Native Extant Yes      
Mauritius Native Extant       Yes
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant       Yes
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Mozambique Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Nauru Native Extant   Yes    
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant       Yes
New Zealand Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Philippines Native Extant       Yes
Réunion (to France) Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Native Extant Yes      
Singapore Native Extant       Yes
Solomon Islands Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
South Korea Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant       Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Thailand Native Extant       Yes
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes    
Tonga Native Extant       Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant       Yes
Vanuatu Native Extant       Yes
Vietnam Native Extant       Yes
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Australia Adele Island site factsheet
Australia Ashmore Reef site factsheet
Australia Bedout Island site factsheet
Australia Coringa-Herald Reefs site factsheet
Australia Manowar and Rocky Islands site factsheet
Australia Raine Island, Moulter and Maclennan Cays site factsheet
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) North Keeling Island site factsheet
Cook Islands Suwarrow Atoll Marine site factsheet
Cook Islands Suwarrow Atoll National Park site factsheet
Fiji Kibobo Islet site factsheet
Fiji Nukubasaga & Nukupureti site factsheet
Fiji Ringgold Islands site factsheet
Fiji Vanua Masi Islet site factsheet
Fiji Vanua Masi Marine site factsheet
French Polynesia Reitoru site factsheet
French Southern Territories Europa site factsheet
Indonesia Pulau Manuk site factsheet
Kiribati Enderbury Island site factsheet
Kiribati Flint Island site factsheet
Kiribati Flint Island Marine site factsheet
Kiribati Malden Island site factsheet
Kiribati Malden Island Marine site factsheet
Kiribati McKean Island site factsheet
Kiribati McKean Island Marine site factsheet
Kiribati Orona Atoll (Hull Island) site factsheet
Kiribati Orona Atoll (Hull Island) Marine site factsheet
Kiribati Phoenix Islands Marine site factsheet
Kiribati Rawaki (Phoenix Island) site factsheet
Malaysia Mantanani islands site factsheet
Seychelles Aldabra atoll site factsheet
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Baker Island site factsheet
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Howland and Baker Marine site factsheet
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Howland Island site factsheet
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Jarvis Island site factsheet
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Jarvis Island Marine site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major resident
Marine Neritic Pelagic major resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major resident
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major resident
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fregata ariel. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
Species name author (Gray, 1845)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 95,100,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species