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NT
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met)  

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,540,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700 medium Estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 13.1 - - -
Population justification: This species is described as uncommon and probably declining. Its population is estimated to number at least 10,000 individuals in total (surely runs into five figures), roughly equivalent to 6,700 mature individuals. Since 2000, declines have continued in Ecuador (c.65 birds in five disjunct populations remain [R. Williams in litt. 2002]), Peru and Bolivia, but it remains numerous and appears to be stable in northern Argentina (M. Pearman in litt. 2003). The largest known population is in north-west Patagonia and comprises an estimated c.300 individuals of which c.200 are adults (Lambertucci 2010). Populations in Venezuela  (<30 individuals [Cuesta and Sulbaran 2000], or fewer [Sharpe et al. 2008]) and Colombia may be maintained by reintroduction and feeding, but in Colombia at least the population may still be declining. The status of remaining populations is difficult to determine because its mortality, breeding frequency and success are so poorly known (Houston 1994).
Trend justification: A moderately rapid and on-going decline is suspected, owing to levels of persecution by humans.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant Yes      
Bolivia Native Extant Yes      
Brazil Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Chile Native Extant Yes      
Colombia Native Extant Yes      
Ecuador Native Extant        
Paraguay Vagrant Extant        
Peru Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Native Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Abra Grande site factsheet
Argentina Alto Calilegua site factsheet
Argentina Aluminé-Moquehue site factsheet
Argentina Area Natural Protegida Auca Mahuida site factsheet
Argentina Canal Beagle site factsheet
Argentina Caspala y Santa Ana site factsheet
Argentina Cerro Negro de San Antonio site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta de las Higuerillas site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta del Clavillo site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta del Obispo site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta del Totoral site factsheet
Argentina El Fuerte y Santa Clara site factsheet
Argentina El Infiernillo site factsheet
Argentina Extensión Límite Este y Sur del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi site factsheet
Argentina Finca Las Costas/Cordón Lesser site factsheet
Argentina Fincas Santiago y San Andrés site factsheet
Argentina La Cornisa site factsheet
Argentina Lago La Plata - Fontana site factsheet
Argentina Laguna de Varvarco Campos y Tapia site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Purulla site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce site factsheet
Argentina Lagunillas site factsheet
Argentina Lotes 32 y 33, Maíz Gordo site factsheet
Argentina Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes site factsheet
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos site factsheet
Argentina Nahuel Huapi National Park and Reserve site factsheet
Argentina Pampichuela site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Baritú site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Calilegua site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Campo de los Alisos site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional El Leoncito site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional El Rey site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Lago Puelo - Parque Provincial Río Turbio site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Lanín site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Alerces y Laguna Terraplén site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Cardones site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Los Glaciares y adyacencias (Estancias El Sosiego, La Soledad y Anita) site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Perito Moreno y Reserva Provincial San Lorenzo site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Sierra de las Quijadas site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Talampaya site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego y Reserva Provincial Corazón de la Isla site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Copahue-Caviahue site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial La Florida site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Laguna Pintascayoc site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Los Ñuñorcos y Reserva Natural Quebrada del Portugués site factsheet
Argentina Península Mitre site factsheet
Argentina Quebrada de las Conchas site factsheet
Argentina Quebrada del Condorito National Park and Reserva Hidrica Provincial Pampa de Achala site factsheet
Argentina Quebrada del Toro site factsheet
Argentina Queñoales de Santa Catalina site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de la Biosfera Parque Nacional San Guillermo site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural de La Angostura site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural Las Lancitas site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial de Uso Múltiple Laguna Leandro site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial El Payén site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Lagunas de Epulaufquen site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Tromen site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca site factsheet
Argentina Río Santa María site factsheet
Argentina Ruinas de Quilmes site factsheet
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto site factsheet
Argentina San Francisco-Río Jordan site factsheet
Argentina San Lucas site factsheet
Argentina Santa Victoria, Cañani y Cayotal site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de Ambato site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de Metán site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de Santa Victoria site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de Zenta site factsheet
Argentina Sierra Rosario de la Frontera site factsheet
Argentina Sierras de Carahuasi site factsheet
Argentina Sierras del Norte Cordobés site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos site factsheet
Argentina Sistema Uritorco site factsheet
Argentina Socompá-Llullaillaco site factsheet
Argentina Tiraxi y Las Capillas site factsheet
Argentina Valle Colorado y Valle Grande site factsheet
Argentina Valle del Río Collón Curá site factsheet
Argentina Yala site factsheet
Argentina Yavi y Yavi Chico site factsheet
Bolivia Azurduy site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Madidi site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Mina Elba site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Sanja Pampa site factsheet
Bolivia Bosque de Polylepis de Taquesi site factsheet
Bolivia Bosques de Polylepis de Cotapata site factsheet
Bolivia Cuenca Cotacajes site factsheet
Bolivia Cuencas de Ríos Caine y Mizque site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Parque nacional Sajama site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Nacional de Flora y Fauna Tariquía site factsheet
Bolivia Serranía de Aguarague site factsheet
Bolivia Southern slopes of Tunari National Park (Vertiente Sur del Parque Nacional Tunari IBA) site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Madidi site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Mosetenes y Cocapata site factsheet
Chile Baker River Wetlands site factsheet
Chile Chacabuco Valley and Baker River Entrance site factsheet
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja site factsheet
Chile Coyahique Alto-Coite site factsheet
Chile Isla Diego de Almagro site factsheet
Chile Islote Albatros - Seno Almirantazgo site factsheet
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa site factsheet
Chile Monumento Natural Salar de Surire site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Torres del Paine site factsheet
Chile Península Antonio Varas site factsheet
Chile Reserva Las Vicuñas site factsheet
Chile Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo site factsheet
Chile Salar de Tara site factsheet
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Yerba Loca site factsheet
Chile Sierra Baguales site factsheet
Chile Valle del Yeso site factsheet
Colombia Alto Quindío site factsheet
Colombia Cerro Pintado (part of Serranía de Perijá transboundary AZE) site factsheet
Colombia Eco-parque Los Besotes site factsheet
Colombia Valle del Río Frío site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Cotopaxi site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Sangay site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Antisana site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca site factsheet
Peru Alto Valle Santa Eulalia-Milloc site factsheet
Peru Chalhuanca site factsheet
Peru Champará site factsheet
Peru Cordillera Huayhuash site factsheet
Peru Cordillera Huayhuash y Nor-Oyón site factsheet
Peru Cotahuasi site factsheet
Peru Laguna de los Cóndores site factsheet
Peru Laguna de los Cóndores-Atuén site factsheet
Peru Parque Nacional Huascarán site factsheet
Peru Parque Nacional Río Abiseo site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional de Paracas site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional Pampa Galeras site factsheet
Peru Río Abiseo y Tayabamba site factsheet
Peru Santuario Nacional de Calipuy site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude major resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches marginal resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Vultur gryphus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Cathartidae (New World vultures)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size 6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,540,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species