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Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2ce+3ce+4ce 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 298,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 498,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700-9300 medium Estimated 2005
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-12300 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 4,350-4,800 individuals in the Black Sea and Mediterranean; 6,000-9,000 individuals in South-East Asia and south Asia, and 50 individuals in east Asia (Simba Chan in litt. 2005). This totals 10,000-13,900 individuals, roughly equating to 6,700-9,300 mature individuals.
Trend justification: Although some sub-populations have shown recent increases (including in Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey), this species's population is suspected to have decreased rapidly over the last three generations, in line with levels of disturbance, persecution (particularly by fishermen), wetland alteration and destruction, water pollution, collision with overhead power-lines, over-exploitation of fish stocks and, in Mongolia, hunting by herders.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Vagrant Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes
Bangladesh Native Possibly Extinct   Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extinct      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant   Yes  
Croatia Native Extinct   Yes  
Cyprus Vagrant Extant      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant   Yes  
Georgia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Germany Native Extinct Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes  
Hungary Vagrant Extinct Yes    
India Native Extant   Yes  
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant   Yes  
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes
Italy Vagrant Extant      
Japan Vagrant Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes
Latvia Vagrant Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extinct     Yes
Moldova Native Extant   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes
Serbia Unknown Extant      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant      
South Korea Vagrant Extant      
Spain Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Unknown Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Taiwan (China) Vagrant Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Western Sahara Vagrant Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Albania Karavasta Lagoon site factsheet
Albania Narta Lagoon site factsheet
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sahil settlement - "Shelf" factory site factsheet
Azerbaijan Shorgel lakes/Shirvan reserve site factsheet
Azerbaijan Yashma Island site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Burgasko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Emine site factsheet
Bulgaria Island near Gorni Tzibar site factsheet
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Lakat Island site factsheet
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Mechka Fish-ponds site factsheet
Bulgaria Ovtcharitsa Reservoir site factsheet
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Pozharevo Island site factsheet
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Rozov Kladenets Reservoir site factsheet
Bulgaria Srebarna site factsheet
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex site factsheet
China (mainland) Bosten Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Futian site factsheet
China (mainland) Gaoyou Hu site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Hangzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Hongjian Nur site factsheet
China (mainland) Lanbowan–Qilihe Wetland site factsheet
China (mainland) Min Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Poyang Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Rong Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Shaobo Hu Lake Area site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) site factsheet
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhengzhou Huanghe Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
Georgia Bogdasheni Lake site factsheet
Georgia Kartsakhi Lake site factsheet
Georgia Khanchali Lake site factsheet
Georgia Madatapha Lake site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Artzan marshes site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Kalamas estuary site factsheet
Greece Lake Chimaditis and Lake Zazaris site factsheet
Greece Lake Doirani site factsheet
Greece Lake Kastoria (Orestiada) site factsheet
Greece Lake Kerkini site factsheet
Greece Lake Mikri Prespa and Lake Megali Prespa site factsheet
Greece Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Greece Strymon delta site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand site factsheet
India Bardha Dam site factsheet
India Flamingo city site factsheet
India Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kaj Lake (Pipalava Bandharo) site factsheet
India Kanjli Lake site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande site factsheet
India Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Saltpans of Bhavnagar site factsheet
India Sambhar Lake site factsheet
India Sareri Bandh site factsheet
India Sariska Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Jagin and Rud-i-Gabrik deltas site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iraq Central Marshes site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah site factsheet
Iraq Haur Om am Nyaj site factsheet
Iraq Haur Uwainah site factsheet
Kazakhstan Amangeldy site factsheet
Kazakhstan Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta site factsheet
Kazakhstan Isei Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Dojran site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Prespa site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Pelagonia site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khomiin Tal site factsheet
Mongolia Khoton-Khorgon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Orog Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Taatsiin Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Taigam Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvsiin Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Hingol National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Jiwani Beaches and Dasht Kaur site factsheet
Pakistan Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) site factsheet
Pakistan Manchar Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Outer Indus delta site factsheet
Pakistan Phoosna Wetlands Complex site factsheet
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă-Amara-Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Bistreţ site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Ciocăneşti - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Iezerul Călăraşi site factsheet
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) site factsheet
Romania Lake Bugeac site factsheet
Romania Lake Dunăreni site factsheet
Romania Lake Gălăţui site factsheet
Romania Lake Mostiştea site factsheet
Romania Lake Oltina site factsheet
Romania Lake Taşaul site factsheet
Romania Limanu - Herghelia site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Ostrovu Lung - Gostinu site factsheet
Romania Suhaia site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tere-Khol' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Beloe lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Topol'noye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Holes of the Karasuk river downstream site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kaban'i lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurlady Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shchuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) System of lakes Kurlady-Selezjan-Atkul site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tundrovo lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Achikol'skiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan) site factsheet
Russia (European) Burukshunskiye limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Chechen' Island and east seaside of Agrakhan peninsula site factsheet
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo site factsheet
Russia (European) Karakol'skiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake 'Southern Agrakhan' site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Ayke site factsheet
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river site factsheet
Russia (European) Manychstroi area site factsheet
Russia (European) Mekhteb reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Nizhnekumskiye floods site factsheet
Russia (European) Oling area site factsheet
Russia (European) Shalkaro-Zhetykol'ski lake system site factsheet
Russia (European) Southern part of Chograiski reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Sulakskaya bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Turali lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Turalinskaya lagoon site factsheet
Russia (European) Tyuleni island site factsheet
Russia (European) Volga Delta site factsheet
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes site factsheet
Turkey Aktaş Lake site factsheet
Turkey Bafa Lake site factsheet
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Çıldır Lake site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Manyas Lake (Kuş Lake) site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Lake site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Turkey Uluabat Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Gorelde site factsheet
Turkmenistan Jarsay - Khangui site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ketteshor - Ramankol site factsheet
Turkmenistan Khankhovuz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Nargyz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh site factsheet
Turkmenistan Saryyazy site factsheet
Turkmenistan Soltandag - Gyzylburun site factsheet
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun site factsheet
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif site factsheet
Ukraine Kugurluj and Kartal lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni site factsheet
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Ayakaghytma lake and surrounding desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre site factsheet
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm site factsheet
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes site factsheet
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Zekry Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes major non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / wild boar (Sus scrofa) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pelecanus crispus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
Species name author Bruch, 1832
Population size 6700-9300 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 298,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species