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Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(ii) 
Vulnerable A3cde; C2a(ii) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Endangered
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2006 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Critically Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 15,400 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 114,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1600 good Observed 2012
Population trend Stable poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1600 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -
Population justification: The 2012 census recorded a new high of 2,693 birds, thus the total number of mature individuals is estimated at c.1,600, as adults appear to account for around 60% of the total population (Yu Yattung in litt. 2012).
Trend justification: Despite annual censuses indicating year-on-year increases in the surveyed population, it is unclear whether these represent genuine increases, displacement of birds from degraded and destroyed sites or simply an increase in observer effort. Therefore, the population is suspected to be stable at present, and, as a precautionary measure, rapid declines are expected to occur in the next 22 years (three generations) owing to expected habitat loss.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Brunei Vagrant Extant        
Cambodia Native Extinct   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant   Yes    
Macao (China) Native Extant   Yes    
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Philippines Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant   Yes    
South Korea Native Extant       Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Brunei Seria Coast site factsheet
China (mainland) Beili Wan Sigeng site factsheet
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Coast between Ao Jiang and Feiyun Jiang site factsheet
China (mainland) Coastal wetlands of northern Chongming Dao island site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongzhaigang site factsheet
China (mainland) Eastern tidal flat of Nanhui site factsheet
China (mainland) Fangcheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Funing Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Futian site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Hangzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Houshui Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiuduansha Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Lianyungang saltworks site factsheet
China (mainland) Longtan Reservoir site factsheet
China (mainland) Min Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Quanzhou Wan and Jin Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Rong Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Shankou site factsheet
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Wuyumen site factsheet
China (mainland) Xingren Tuo Island site factsheet
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Yancheng Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yinggehai Salt Pans site factsheet
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhuanghe Coast site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Japan Hakata bay site factsheet
Japan Hikawa estuary, Shiranui site factsheet
Japan Manko tidal flat site factsheet
Japan Manosegawa estuary site factsheet
Japan Shirakawa estuary site factsheet
Japan Yone and Gushi tidal flats site factsheet
Macao (China) Taipa-Coloane site factsheet
North Korea Amrok River estuary site factsheet
North Korea Batoggisem, Dansem and Zamori islands site factsheet
North Korea Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve) site factsheet
North Korea Chongdan field site factsheet
North Korea Daedong Bay site factsheet
North Korea Dok-do island site factsheet
North Korea Kangryong field site factsheet
North Korea Oksem, Dongsolbatsem, Sesolbatsem and Namsolbatsen islands site factsheet
North Korea Onchon field site factsheet
North Korea Ongjin Bay site factsheet
North Korea Sogam-do, Daegam-do, Zung-do, Ae-do and Hyengzedo islands site factsheet
North Korea Ummu-do island site factsheet
North Korea Unryul Kumsanpo site factsheet
South Korea Baeksu tidal flat site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Geumho-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Gocheonam-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Hado-ri site factsheet
South Korea Han-gang estuary site factsheet
South Korea Mangyeong estuary site factsheet
South Korea Seongsanpo-ho site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island site factsheet
South Korea Yu-do islet site factsheet
South Korea Yubu-do island site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Aogu Wetlands site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Beimen site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Budai Wetlands site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Chiku site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Chu'an site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Hanbao Wetlands site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Hsinchu City Coastal Area site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Kaomei Wetlands site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Kaoping River site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Kinmen National Park site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Lanyang River Estuary site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Litzechien site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Sitsao Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Tatu Rivermouth Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
Vietnam Ha Nam site factsheet
Vietnam Nghia Hung site factsheet
Vietnam Thai Thuy site factsheet
Vietnam Tien Hai site factsheet
Vietnam Tien Lang site factsheet
Vietnam Xuan Thuy site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Marine & freshwater aquaculture / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  
Food - human - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Platalea minor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Species name author Temminck & Schlegel, 1849
Population size 1600 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 15,400 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species