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LC
African Spoonbill Platalea alba

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 1521 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 7300-73000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Native Extant        
Botswana Native Extant Yes      
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Ghana Vagrant Extant        
Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant        
Senegal Native Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
South Sudan Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes    
Zambia Native Extant Yes      
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Botswana Lake Ngami site factsheet
Botswana Linyanti swamp/Chobe river site factsheet
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans site factsheet
Botswana Okavango Delta site factsheet
Chad Lake Fitri site factsheet
Guinea Iles Tristao site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós site factsheet
Kenya Lake Elmenteita site factsheet
Kenya Lake Naivasha site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Kenya Tana River Delta site factsheet
Madagascar Manambolomaty wetland complex and Tsimembo Classified Forest site factsheet
Malawi Lake Chilwa and flood-plain site factsheet
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo site factsheet
Mali Lac Fati site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Senegal Lac de Guiers site factsheet
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay site factsheet
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps site factsheet
South Africa Lower Berg river wetlands site factsheet
South Africa Nyl River Floodplain site factsheet
South Africa Richards Bay Game Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves site factsheet
South Africa Spitskop Dam site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Eyasi site factsheet
Tanzania Mtera reservoir site factsheet
Tanzania Wembere steppe site factsheet
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps site factsheet
Zambia Barotse Floodplains site factsheet
Zambia Kafue Flats site factsheet
Zambia Kafue National Park site factsheet
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park site factsheet
Zambia South Luangwa National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable resident
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of ground water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Platalea alba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Species name author Scopoli, 1786
Population size 7300-73000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 14,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change