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Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 1868 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,420,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown Not Applicable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.66,000-140,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at < c.100 breeding pairs, < c.50 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China and < c.100 breeding pairs and < c.50 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing or stable (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Brazil Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Burkina Faso Vagrant Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Native Extant        
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes      
Ireland Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes  
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant     Yes Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant     Yes Yes
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant     Yes Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes   Yes
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Vagrant Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant     Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Azerbaijan Aggyol National Park site factsheet
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ibisha Island site factsheet
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Srebarna site factsheet
Bulgaria Vardim Island site factsheet
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes) site factsheet
China (mainland) Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulansuhai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhalong Nature Reserve site factsheet
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava site factsheet
Croatia Danube and Drava rivers' lowland areas site factsheet
Croatia Jelas field including fishponds and wet pastures along Sava RIver site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Estuaire de l'Orne site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Lac de Grand-Lieu site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou) site factsheet
Greece Lake Kerkini site factsheet
Hungary Flood plain of Tiszaalpár site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
Hungary Péteri Lake site factsheet
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake site factsheet
India Bardha Dam site factsheet
India Kaj Lake (Pipalava Bandharo) site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Israel Carmel coast site factsheet
Israel Hefer valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Northern Arava valley site factsheet
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero site factsheet
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona site factsheet
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini site factsheet
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans site factsheet
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes site factsheet
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Sasko site factsheet
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss site factsheet
Morocco Marais Larache site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou site factsheet
Netherlands Balgzand site factsheet
Netherlands Biesbosch site factsheet
Netherlands Eilandspolder site factsheet
Netherlands Grevelingen site factsheet
Netherlands Kwade Hoek site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Zwartemeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lauwersmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Makkumer-and Kooiwaard site factsheet
Netherlands Naardermeer site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Texel: Dunes and Hors site factsheet
Netherlands Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg site factsheet
Netherlands Vlieland site factsheet
Netherlands Voornes Duin site factsheet
Netherlands Westerschelde and Saeftinghe site factsheet
Netherlands Wormer-and Jisperveld site factsheet
Netherlands Zwanenwater site factsheet
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Phoosna Wetlands Complex site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex site factsheet
Portugal Arraiolos site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Évora plains site factsheet
Portugal Paul do Boquilobo site factsheet
Portugal Paul do Taipal site factsheet
Portugal Pera marsh site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei site factsheet
Romania Balta Vederoasa site factsheet
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei site factsheet
Romania Bistreţ site factsheet
Romania Blahniţa site factsheet
Romania Braţul Borcea site factsheet
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood site factsheet
Romania Ciocăneşti - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Dăbuleni - Grinduri site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Olteniţa site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Ostroave site factsheet
Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare site factsheet
Romania Iezerul Călăraşi site factsheet
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) site factsheet
Romania Lake Bugeac site factsheet
Romania Lake Dunăreni site factsheet
Romania Lake Oltina site factsheet
Romania Olteniţa - Ulmeni site factsheet
Romania Suhaia site factsheet
Russia (European) Burukshunskiye limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo site factsheet
Russia (European) Kalausskiye floods site factsheet
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman site factsheet
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river site factsheet
Russia (European) Manychstroi area site factsheet
Russia (European) Novotroitskoye reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Oling area site factsheet
Russia (European) Prikumskiye steppes site factsheet
Russia (European) Sarpinskaya lake-system site factsheet
Russia (European) Sostinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Veselovskoye reservoir site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Kutambil island site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Umm al-Qamari site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons site factsheet
Senegal Lac de Guiers site factsheet
Serbia Becej fish-pond site factsheet
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje site factsheet
Serbia Gornje Potamisje site factsheet
Serbia Koviljski rit site factsheet
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje site factsheet
Serbia Srednje Potamišje site factsheet
Slovakia Senné site factsheet
Spain Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons site factsheet
Spain Ría de Arosa (O Grove) estuary site factsheet
Spain River Piedras marshes and Rompido sandbank site factsheet
Spain Santander bay-Mouro islet site factsheet
Spain Santoña marshes site factsheet
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako site factsheet
Sri Lanka Periyakadawela site factsheet
Tunisia Bordj Kastil site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Kerkennah islands site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Lake Tunis (Lake Radès) site factsheet
Tunisia Salines de Thyna site factsheet
Turkey Akşehir and Eber Lakes site factsheet
Turkey Bolluk Lake site factsheet
Turkey Burdur Lake site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Haçlı Lake site factsheet
Turkey Hörmetçi Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Hotamış Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Manyas Lake (Kuş Lake) site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Turkey Seyfe Lake site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Turkey Uluabat Lake site factsheet
Ukraine Kugurluj and Kartal lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Kytaj lake site factsheet
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni site factsheet
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm site factsheet
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah site factsheet
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) Suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) Suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level Suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes Suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes Suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes Suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes Suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries Suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) Suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) Suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Historical
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Food - human - - - Subsistence, National
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Platalea leucorodia. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 4,420,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change
- 2015 European Red List assessment