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Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A3cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 535,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700 medium Estimated 1995
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation 10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.3 - - -
Population justification: The population has been estimated at 10,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 6,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be declining, and is projected to decline at a steeper rate in the future owing to intense hunting pressure and habitat destruction.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Madagascar Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Madagascar Ambatovaky Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Analamerana Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Andavakoera Classified Forest NAP site factsheet
Madagascar Andohahela National Park - Section I site factsheet
Madagascar Andringitra National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Anjanaharibe Classified Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Anjozorobe - Angavo - Tsinjoarivo Corridor site factsheet
Madagascar Ankarafantsika National Park and Ampijoroa site factsheet
Madagascar Ankarana Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Ankeniheny Classified Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Baly Bay National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Bemarivo Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Betampona Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Bezavona Classified Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Cap Saint André forest and wetlands site factsheet
Madagascar Complexe de la Reserve de Chasse du Lac Ihotry - Delta de Mangoky site factsheet
Madagascar Daraina Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Isalo (Isalo National Park IBA) site factsheet
Madagascar Kirindy Mite National Park and extension site factsheet
Madagascar Manambolomaty wetland complex and Tsimembo Classified Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Mananara-North National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Mangerivola Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Mangoky - Ankazoabo Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Manongarivo Special Reserve and extension site factsheet
Madagascar Mantadia National Park and Analamazaotra Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Marojejy National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Marotandrano Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Masoala National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Menabe forest complex site factsheet
Madagascar Midongy South National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Mikea Protected Area site factsheet
Madagascar Montagne d'Ambre National Park and Special Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Ranomafana National Park and extension site factsheet
Madagascar Sahamalaza - Radama Islands National Marine Park site factsheet
Madagascar Sihanaka Forest site factsheet
Madagascar South Anjanaharibe Special Reserve and extension site factsheet
Madagascar Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve and extension site factsheet
Madagascar Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park and Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Tsingy de Namoroka National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Upper Rantabe Classified Forest site factsheet
Madagascar Vondrozo Classified Forest NPA site factsheet
Madagascar Zahamena National Park and Strict Reserve site factsheet
Madagascar Zombitse-Vohibasia National Park and extension site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Lophotibis cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/09/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/09/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Species name author (Boddaert, 1783)
Population size 6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 535,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species