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Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 540,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 670-17000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.1 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 1,000-25,000 individuals, roughly equating to 670-17,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the main threats to the species.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Eritrea Asmara escarpment site factsheet
Eritrea Senafe site factsheet
Ethiopia Akaki - Aba-Samuel wetlands site factsheet
Ethiopia Ankober - Debre Sina escarpment site factsheet
Ethiopia Awi Zone site factsheet
Ethiopia Bahir Dar - Lake Tana site factsheet
Ethiopia Bale Mountains National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Berga floodplain site factsheet
Ethiopia Borana-Saynt (Denkoro Forest) site factsheet
Ethiopia Chilimo-Gaji forest site factsheet
Ethiopia Choke mountains site factsheet
Ethiopia Dessa'a forest site factsheet
Ethiopia Entoto Natural Park and escarpment site factsheet
Ethiopia Gefersa reservoir site factsheet
Ethiopia Guassa Plateau (Menz) site factsheet
Ethiopia Gudo plain site factsheet
Ethiopia Hugumburda and Grat-Kahsu forests site factsheet
Ethiopia Jibat forest site factsheet
Ethiopia Lake Ashenge site factsheet
Ethiopia Menagesha State Forest site factsheet
Ethiopia Metu - Gore - Tepi forests site factsheet
Ethiopia Mount Zuquala site factsheet
Ethiopia Mugo highlands site factsheet
Ethiopia Simien Mountains National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Sululta plain site factsheet
Ethiopia Tiro Boter - Becho forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 1500 - 4100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Human intrusions & disturbance War, civil unrest & military exercises Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of ground water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Soil erosion, sedimentation Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Bostrychia carunculata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Species name author (Rüppell, 1837)
Population size 670-17000 mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 540,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change