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LC
Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 817,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.2 - - -
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belize Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant       Yes
Colombia Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant       Yes
Dominica Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Ecuador Vagrant Extant   Yes    
French Guiana Native Extant       Yes
Grenada Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Guyana Native Extant       Yes
Jamaica Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Panama Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant       Yes
Suriname Native Extant       Yes
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant       Yes
USA Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Brazil Delta do Parnaíba site factsheet
Brazil Reentrâncias Maranhenses / Paraenses site factsheet
French Guiana Amana site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Kourou site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Macouria site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Sinnamary site factsheet
Guyana Shell Beach site factsheet
Suriname Northern Commewijne/ Marowijne site factsheet
Suriname Northern Saramacca site factsheet
Trinidad and Tobago Caroni Swamp site factsheet
Venezuela Monumento Natural Laguna de las Marites site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Turuépano site factsheet
Venezuela Pedernales-Capure site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Ciénaga de Los Olivitos site factsheet
Venezuela Reserva de Fauna Silvestre Gran Morichal site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Eudocimus ruber. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 817,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species