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Puna Flamingo Phoenicoparrus jamesi

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A3cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Near Threatened
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 273,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 329,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good Estimated 2010
Population trend Stable poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 106,000 individuals based on coordinated census in 2010 (Marconi et al. 2011).
Trend justification: Trends since the 1990s have been positive, indicating the start of a recovery, and census data suggest that the population may have stabilised (Marconi et al. 2011). Despite this, it is suspected that the population will undergo a moderately rapid decline over the next three generations owing mainly to habitat loss and degradation.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes
Chile Native Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Laguna El Peinado site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Grande site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc site factsheet
Argentina Laguna La Alumbrera site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Purulla site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Lagunillas site factsheet
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna de Llancanelo site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca site factsheet
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano) site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Parque nacional Sajama site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama site factsheet
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa site factsheet
Chile Monumento Natural Salar de Surire site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Salar de Huasco site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Volcán Isluga site factsheet
Chile Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos - Soncor site factsheet
Chile Salar de Piedra Parada site factsheet
Chile Salar de Pujsa site factsheet
Chile Salar de Tara site factsheet
Peru Covire site factsheet
Peru Lago Parinacochas site factsheet
Peru Río Tambo y Lagunas de Mejía site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites major non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude 3500 - 4700 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 2300 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phoenicoparrus jamesi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
Species name author Sclater, 1886
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 273,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species