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Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2acd+4acd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 190,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 320,000 medium
Number of locations 10 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good Estimated 2005
Population trend Stable poor -
Number of subpopulations 10 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.5 - - -
Population justification: The population estimate is derived from Rocha & Quiroga (1997), Flamingo Specialist Group & Grupo para la Conservaciande Flamencos Altoandinos in litt. (2005) to Wetlands International (2006); the total may be slightly higher as 38,675 individuals were counted in the 2010 International Simultaneous Census (Marconi et al. 2011).
Trend justification: From the mid-1980s to mid-1990s, the population declined from around 50,000-100,000 individuals to 34,000 (Rocha and Quiroga 1997), indicating a rapid decline. Exploitation has now decreased and results from census data suggest that the population remained stable at least between 1997 and 2010 (Marconi et al. 2011).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Chile Native Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa site factsheet
Argentina Bañados de Figueroa site factsheet
Argentina Bañados del Arroyo Chucul y Reserva Natural de Fauna Laguna La Felipa site factsheet
Argentina Bañados del Utis site factsheet
Argentina Laguna El Peinado site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Grande site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Guayatayoc site factsheet
Argentina Laguna La Alumbrera site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Melincué site factsheet
Argentina Laguna Purulla site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas Runtuyoc - Los Enamorados site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce site factsheet
Argentina Lagunillas site factsheet
Argentina Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes site factsheet
Argentina Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural de La Angostura site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca site factsheet
Argentina Salar del Hombre Muerto site factsheet
Argentina Salinas de Ambargasta site factsheet
Argentina Salinas Grandes site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra site factsheet
Argentina Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos site factsheet
Argentina Socompá-Llullaillaco site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira site factsheet
Bolivia Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano) site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí site factsheet
Bolivia Parque nacional Sajama site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe site factsheet
Chile Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa site factsheet
Chile Laguna Miscanti y Meñique site factsheet
Chile Monumento Natural Salar de Surire site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Lauca site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Salar de Huasco site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Volcán Isluga site factsheet
Chile Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos - Soncor site factsheet
Chile Salar de Tara site factsheet
Peru Covire site factsheet
Peru Lago Parinacochas site factsheet
Peru Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites major non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude 2300 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 50 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phoenicoparrus andinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
Species name author Philippi, 1854
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 190,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species