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Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 118 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 76000-610000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Australia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant Yes   Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Barbados Vagrant Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Benin Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant     Yes
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Vagrant Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Madagascar Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Mongolia Vagrant Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
New Zealand Vagrant Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes   Yes
Papua New Guinea Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant Yes    
Qatar Native Extant Yes   Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Delta of the Rhine site factsheet
Austria Lobau site factsheet
Austria Lower valley of the Gail site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Belgium Bassin de la Haine site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Burgasko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Mechka Fish-ponds site factsheet
Bulgaria Orsoya Fish-ponds site factsheet
Bulgaria Srebarna site factsheet
Bulgaria Tsibarsko Marsh site factsheet
Bulgaria Yatata site factsheet
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River site factsheet
China (mainland) Markit-Yarkant Oasis site factsheet
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Danube site factsheet
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava site factsheet
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds site factsheet
Czech Republic Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands site factsheet
Czech Republic Zehunský rybník pond site factsheet
France Basse Vallée de la Durance site factsheet
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Etang de Capestang site factsheet
France Etang de Lindre site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan site factsheet
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme site factsheet
France La Dombes site factsheet
France Lac de Grand-Lieu site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville site factsheet
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne site factsheet
France Marais de la Souche site factsheet
France Marais de Manteyer site factsheet
France Marais de Sacy site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre site factsheet
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine site factsheet
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
France Vallée de la Garonne : Boussens à Carbonne site factsheet
France Vallée de la Garonne : Palayre et environs site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries site factsheet
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofilia forest, and Lamia marshes site factsheet
Greece Lake Distos site factsheet
Greece Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) site factsheet
Greece Lake Stymphalia site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Kis-Sárrét site factsheet
Hungary Lake Fertő site factsheet
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
Italy Litorale Romano site factsheet
Latvia Liepaja lake site factsheet
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds site factsheet
Luxembourg Haff Réimech site factsheet
Netherlands Gelderse Poort site factsheet
Netherlands Oostelijke Vechtplassen site factsheet
Poland Barycz river valley site factsheet
Poland Goplo Lake Site site factsheet
Poland Janów forests site factsheet
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Sola River Valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Parczew forests site factsheet
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley site factsheet
Poland Slawskie Lakes site factsheet
Poland Tysmienica river valley site factsheet
Poland Upper Odra River Valley site factsheet
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley site factsheet
Poland Woniesc reservoir site factsheet
Portugal Barrinha de Esmoriz/Lagoa de Paramos site factsheet
Portugal Cabeção site factsheet
Portugal Lagoa Pequena site factsheet
Portugal Minho and Coura estuaries site factsheet
Portugal Murta dam site factsheet
Portugal Paul de Arzila site factsheet
Portugal Paul de Madriz site factsheet
Portugal Paul do Boquilobo site factsheet
Portugal Paul do Taipal site factsheet
Portugal Pera marsh site factsheet
Portugal Ria de Aveiro site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Sado estuary site factsheet
Portugal Santo André and Sancha lagoons site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Portugal Vilamoura site factsheet
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei site factsheet
Romania Balta Vederoasa site factsheet
Romania Blahniţa site factsheet
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Fizes valley site factsheet
Romania Maglavit site factsheet
Romania Suhaia site factsheet
Serbia Carska bara site factsheet
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje site factsheet
Serbia Jegricka site factsheet
Serbia Labudovo Okno site factsheet
Serbia Obedska bara site factsheet
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Morava site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain site factsheet
Slovakia Velkoblahovske fishponds site factsheet
Slovenia Črete site factsheet
Slovenia Goričko site factsheet
Slovenia Renški glinokopi site factsheet
Slovenia River Mura site factsheet
Slovenia Škocjan Bay site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain Ampurdán marshes site factsheet
Spain Castrejón reservoir site factsheet
Spain Cortados del Jarama site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain El Moro marshes site factsheet
Spain Llobregat delta site factsheet
Spain Marmolejo reservoir-La Ropera site factsheet
Spain Mouth of the river Guadalhorce site factsheet
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons site factsheet
Spain Pego-Oliva marshes site factsheet
Spain Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca site factsheet
Spain Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes site factsheet
Spain Wetlands of western Almería site factsheet
Turkey Hotamış Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Lake site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Turkey Uluabat Lake site factsheet
Ukraine Agricultural lands near Bilorets'ke (Chornozemne village) site factsheet
Ukraine Bodakivs'ke marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Chervone marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Debal'tsivs'ke lake site factsheet
Ukraine Gajchur river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Kagul lake site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kajiry village) site factsheet
Ukraine Karachunivs'ke reservoir site factsheet
Ukraine Konka river mouth site factsheet
Ukraine Kugurluj and Kartal lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Lyman lake site factsheet
Ukraine Mikulinetskie fish-ponds site factsheet
Ukraine Molochna river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Mzha river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Obytichna peninsula site factsheet
Ukraine Obytichna river mouth site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Tsybul'kivs'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Velyke marsh site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ixobrychus minutus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Ardeidae (Herons and egrets)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size 76000-610000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 18,000,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions