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Goliath Heron Ardea goliath

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700-67000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.5 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Native Extant        
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Benin Native Extant        
Botswana Native Extant        
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Ghana Native Extant        
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Vagrant Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant        
Qatar Unknown Extant        
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Syria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant        
Uganda Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Botswana Okavango Delta site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Hindiya Barrage site factsheet
Iraq Samara Wetlands site factsheet
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Qishran Bay site factsheet
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) site factsheet
Yemen Bahr Ibn Abbas - Ra's Isa site factsheet
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ardea goliath. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Ardeidae (Herons)
Species name author Cretzschmar, 1827
Population size 6700-67000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 17,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change