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Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,620,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,620,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.6 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antigua and Barbuda Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Barbados Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant Yes    
Cameroon Native Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Dominica Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Egypt Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
France Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Ghana Native Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant Yes    
Israel Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes  
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Martinique (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Mauritania Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Morocco Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Rwanda Vagrant Extant   Yes  
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant Yes    
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Spain Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
St Kitts and Nevis Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Lucia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Trinidad and Tobago Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Uganda Vagrant Extant   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
USA Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bahrain Hawar Islands site factsheet
Gambia Tanbi wetland complex site factsheet
Ghana Densu Delta Ramsar Site site factsheet
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site site factsheet
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site site factsheet
Guinea Konkouré site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Duqm site factsheet
Oman Khawr Ghawi site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Kalissaye Avifaunal Reserve site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Abu al Abyadh island site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor al Beideh site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major resident
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major resident
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Species mortality


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Egretta gularis. Downloaded from on 18/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Ardeidae (Herons and egrets)
Species name author (Bosc, 1792)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,620,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions