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LC
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 234,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 8.8 - - -
Trend justification: The overall trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Austria Vagrant Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant     Yes
Germany Native Extant   Yes  
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Iceland Native Extant      
Iraq Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Montenegro Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Morocco Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Native Extant      
Poland Vagrant Extant      
Portugal Native Extant      
Romania Vagrant Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Serbia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Switzerland Vagrant Extant      
Syria Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Mykines and Mykineshólmur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Sandoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Streymoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Suduroy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vágar site factsheet
France Archipel des Sept-Iles site factsheet
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes site factsheet
France Cap Frehel site factsheet
France Cap Sizun site factsheet
France Détroit de Bonifaccio et Iles Lavezzi site factsheet
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria site factsheet
France Iles Cerbicale site factsheet
France Iles Chausey site factsheet
France Iles Sanguinaires site factsheet
France Presqu'île de Crozon, Tas de Pois et Rochers du Toulinguet site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Iceland Breidafjördur site factsheet
Ireland Inishduff site factsheet
Norway Froan site factsheet
Norway Kjørholmane seabird reserve site factsheet
Norway Kongsøy site factsheet
Norway Røst site factsheet
Norway Runde site factsheet
Norway Sklinna site factsheet
Norway Vega archipelago site factsheet
Slovenia Debeli rtič site factsheet
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans site factsheet
Slovenia Strunjan saltpans site factsheet
Spain Aguas de Formentera y sur de Ibiza site factsheet
Spain Aguas del Norte de Mallorca site factsheet
Spain Aguas del Norte y Oeste de Menorca site factsheet
Spain Aguas del Sur de Mallorca y Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Cala Salada - Illa d'en Calders site factsheet
Spain Cape Barbaria site factsheet
Spain Cape Freu-Cape Farrutx site factsheet
Spain Cape Vermell site factsheet
Spain Cíes islands site factsheet
Spain Coastal cliffs between Cape Enderrocat and Cala Pí site factsheet
Spain Coastal cliffs between isles of Malgrats and Cala Figuera site factsheet
Spain Columbretes islands site factsheet
Spain Dragonera Island-La Trapa site factsheet
Spain Entorno marino de las rías Baixas site factsheet
Spain La Mola of Formentera site factsheet
Spain Mar del Empordà site factsheet
Spain Medas islands site factsheet
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire site factsheet
Spain Ons islands site factsheet
Spain Plataforma Marina del Delta del Ebro - Columbretes site factsheet
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca site factsheet
Spain Tramuntana mountains site factsheet
Turkey Akkuş Island site factsheet
Turkey Amasra Coast site factsheet
Turkey Ayvalık site factsheet
Turkey Bosphorus site factsheet
Turkey Kozlu coast site factsheet
Turkey Küre Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Islands site factsheet
Turkey Şile Coast site factsheet
Ukraine Cape Uret site factsheet
Ukraine Karadaz'kyj Nature Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula site factsheet
United Kingdom Buchan Ness to Collieston Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom Canna and Sanday site factsheet
United Kingdom Fair Isle site factsheet
United Kingdom Farne Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Firth of Forth Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Foula site factsheet
United Kingdom Isle of Man Sea Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom Isles of Scilly site factsheet
United Kingdom Sanda Island site factsheet
United Kingdom Scapa Flow site factsheet
United Kingdom Shiant Isles site factsheet
United Kingdom Sleibhtean Agus Chladach Thiriodh site factsheet
United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack site factsheet
United Kingdom Treshnish Isles site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phalacrocorax aristotelis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1761)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 234,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species