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LC
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 8.7 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 2,000,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). The population trend is increasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Argentina Native Extant      
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Bahamas Native Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Belize Native Extant      
Bolivia Native Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Brazil Native Extant      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Chile Native Extant      
Colombia Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant      
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Dominica Native Extant      
Ecuador Native Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant      
French Guiana Native Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant      
Guatemala Native Extant      
Guyana Native Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
Jamaica Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant      
Nicaragua Native Extant      
Panama Native Extant      
Paraguay Native Extant      
Peru Native Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant      
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Suriname Native Extant      
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Uruguay Native Extant Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Virgin Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Brazil Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural SESC Pantanal e Entorno site factsheet
Chile Isla Chañaral site factsheet
Chile Islotes Pajaros site factsheet
Chile Monumento Natural Isla Cachagua site factsheet
Chile Reserva Nacional Pingüino de Humboldt - Isla Choros, Damas y Punta de Choros site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga site factsheet
Ecuador Ciénaga de La Segua site factsheet
Guyana Shell Beach site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major resident
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phalacrocorax brasilianus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1789)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 18,000,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species