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Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,250,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 9,250,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.1 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.3,900,000-4,200,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are stable, have unknown trends or are increasing (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Vagrant Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Canada Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant Yes      
Egypt Native Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant       Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guatemala Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes    
Italy Native Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant       Yes
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant   Yes    
Mexico Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Vagrant Extant        
Namibia Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Philippines Vagrant Extant        
Poland Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes    
Swaziland Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zimbabwe Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Kole Hashmat Khan site factsheet
Albania Lake Ohrid site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
China (mainland) Sayram Nur site factsheet
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xayar forest and wetland site factsheet
Egypt Lake Nasser site factsheet
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area site factsheet
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park site factsheet
France Etang de Thau site factsheet
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France La Dombes site factsheet
France Plaine du Forez site factsheet
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh) site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Italy Cagliari wetlands site factsheet
Italy Po Delta site factsheet
Italy Venice lagoon site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Kenya Lake Bogoria National Reserve site factsheet
Kenya Lake Elmenteita site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Sharga Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Namibia Cape Cross lagoon site factsheet
Namibia Sperrgebiet site factsheet
Namibia Walvis Bay site factsheet
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) site factsheet
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Romania Lake Techirghiol site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Argun' river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Atyazh lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy Sarykul' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bottomland of Tobol river near villages Lebedevka and Bygrovoe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river near Lebedevka and Bugrovoye villages site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Inder' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kuktibiz lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurlady Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Kurlady 2 site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Mayan lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shchuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskiye Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Uryadki Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah site factsheet
South Africa Botriviervlei and Kleinmond estuary site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Kamfers Dam site factsheet
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon site factsheet
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons site factsheet
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons site factsheet
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles site factsheet
Syria Bahrat Homs site factsheet
Tunisia Lake Tunis (Lake Radès) site factsheet
Tunisia Salines de Thyna site factsheet
Turkey Burdur Lake site factsheet
Turkey Erçek Lake site factsheet
Turkey Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake) site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy site factsheet
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village) site factsheet
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman site factsheet
Ukraine Zalozhyntsi fish-ponds site factsheet
USA Gilbert Bay/South Arm UT05 site factsheet
USA Ogden Bay UT03 site factsheet
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Aquaculture Ponds suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluct Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / American Mink (Neovison vison) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified bacteria (Erysipelas spp.) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Very Rapid Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Avian Botulism (Clostridium botulinum) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Avian Cholera (Pasturella multocida) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Very Rapid Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Podiceps nigricollis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Podicipedidae (Grebes)
Species name author Brehm, 1831
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 9,250,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change