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Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 28,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.1 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.920,000-1,400,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Australia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant     Yes Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burundi Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gabon Native Extant Yes      
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant       Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Unknown Extant        
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes    
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lesotho Vagrant Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant   Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mali Vagrant Extant        
Malta Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Monaco Native Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Zealand Native Extant Yes      
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant     Yes Yes
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant        
San Marino Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Senegal Vagrant Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Swaziland Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant     Yes Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay site factsheet
Belgium Nordzee site factsheet
China (mainland) Aksu River basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Bosten Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River site factsheet
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xijin Reservoir site factsheet
Denmark Ronne Banke site factsheet
Denmark Rønne Banke site factsheet
Estonia Võrtsjärv site factsheet
France Lac Léman (partie française) site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh) site factsheet
Israel Lake Kinneret and Kinerot site factsheet
Kazakhstan Akzhar Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Terenkol Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Mongolia Achit Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Buir Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Ganga Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khukh Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Mongol Daguur site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Orog Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tashgain Tavan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers site factsheet
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Steile Bank and Mokkebank site factsheet
Poland Miedwie site site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Angara river source site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baganskiye Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Holes of the Karasuk river downstream site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurgalski Peninsula site factsheet
Russia (European) North-western subburbs of St.-Petersburg site factsheet
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters site factsheet
Russia (European) Vyborgski Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah site factsheet
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan site factsheet
South Africa Botriviervlei and Kleinmond estuary site factsheet
South Africa De Hoop Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves site factsheet
South Africa Spitskop Dam site factsheet
South Africa Verlorenvlei Estuary site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Grangettes site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Rolle to Céligny site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Versoix and Hermance to Geneva site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun site factsheet
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman site factsheet
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay site factsheet
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough site factsheet
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes site factsheet
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm site factsheet
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir site factsheet
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuyabuguz Reservoir site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet
Zambia Uningi Pans site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools major breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild National Non-trivial Historical
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Historical

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Podiceps cristatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Podicipedidae (Grebes)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 28,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change