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Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 28,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.1 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.920,000-1,400,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes  
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Australia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant     Yes
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Burundi Vagrant Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant     Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Gabon Native Extant Yes    
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Greece Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Vagrant Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant   Yes  
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Lesotho Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant   Yes  
Lithuania Native Extant     Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Mali Vagrant Extant      
Malta Native Extant   Yes  
Moldova Native Extant      
Monaco Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
New Zealand Native Extant Yes    
Nigeria Vagrant Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant     Yes
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Rwanda Native Extant      
San Marino Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes  
Senegal Vagrant Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes
South Africa Native Extant Yes    
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Swaziland Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant     Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant      
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay site factsheet
Belgium Nordzee site factsheet
China (mainland) Aksu River basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Bosten Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River site factsheet
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xijin Reservoir site factsheet
Denmark Rønne Banke site factsheet
Estonia Võrtsjärv site factsheet
France Lac Léman (partie française) site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Israel Lake Kinneret and Kinerot site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Mongolia Achit Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Buir Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Ganga Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khukh Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Mongol Daguur site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Orog Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tashgain Tavan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers site factsheet
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Steile Bank and Mokkebank site factsheet
Poland Miedwie site site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Angara river source site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baganskiye Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Holes of the Karasuk river downstream site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Travykul site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurgalski Peninsula site factsheet
Russia (European) North-western subburbs of St.-Petersburg site factsheet
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters site factsheet
Russia (European) Vyborgski Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah site factsheet
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan site factsheet
South Africa Botriviervlei and Kleinmond estuary site factsheet
South Africa De Hoop Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves site factsheet
South Africa Spitskop Dam site factsheet
South Africa Verlorenvlei Estuary site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Grangettes site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Rolle to Céligny site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Versoix and Hermance to Geneva site factsheet
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun site factsheet
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman site factsheet
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay site factsheet
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough site factsheet
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes site factsheet
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm site factsheet
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir site factsheet
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuyabuguz Reservoir site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet
Zambia Uningi Pans site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools major breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild National Non-trivial Historical
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Historical

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Podiceps cristatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Podicipedidae (Grebes)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 28,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions