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Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 1023 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,640,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 6,640,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.1 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.190,000-290,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; < c.100 breeding pairs, < c.50 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes  
Albania Native Extant   Yes  
Algeria Vagrant Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant   Yes  
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahamas Vagrant Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes   Yes
Belgium Native Extant   Yes  
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Canada Native Extant     Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Vagrant Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Egypt Vagrant Extant      
Estonia Native Extant     Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Georgia Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Greece Native Extant   Yes  
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Ireland Native Extant   Yes  
Israel Vagrant Extant      
Italy Native Extant   Yes  
Japan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant   Yes Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant     Yes
Switzerland Native Extant   Yes  
Syria Vagrant Extant      
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tunisia Vagrant Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Canada Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary) site factsheet
Canada Lakeland site factsheet
Canada Manitoulin Island North Shore site factsheet
Denmark Eastern German Bight site factsheet
Denmark Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt site factsheet
Denmark Northwestern Kattegat site factsheet
Denmark Rønne Banke site factsheet
Denmark Smålandsfarvandet site factsheet
Estonia Vooremaa site factsheet
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes site factsheet
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve site factsheet
Latvia Engure lake site factsheet
Latvia Gulf of Riga, west coast site factsheet
Norway Smøla archipelago site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Alabota lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shchuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Berezovye islands of Vyborg Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Serbia Jegricka site factsheet
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Miquelon Island (Northeast Coast) site factsheet
Sweden Lake Hornborgasjön site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village site factsheet
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Estuaries major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Podiceps grisegena. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Podicipedidae (Grebes)
Species name author (Boddaert, 1783)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 6,640,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species