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Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 31,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 31,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.4 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.610,000-3,500,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Australia Vagrant Extant        
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant     Yes Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Native Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Comoros Native Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guinea Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant Yes      
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macao (China) Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Monaco Native Extant        
Mongolia Vagrant Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant       Yes
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Papua New Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant        
San Marino Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Native Extant       Yes
Togo Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Western Sahara Native Possibly Extinct Yes      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Algeria Lac Oubeïra site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Burkina Faso Lake Oursi - Lake Darkoye site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
India Bahour Lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hashelan marsh and Doh Tappeh plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans site factsheet
Kenya Lake Naivasha site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Madagascar Mangoky - Ankazoabo Forest SAPM site factsheet
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé site factsheet
Morocco Merja Bargha site factsheet
Senegal Niayes (from Dakar to St Louis) site factsheet
Serbia Carska bara site factsheet
Somalia Xawaadley reservoir site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves site factsheet
Tanzania Arusha National Park site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kovada Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tachybaptus ruficollis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Podicipedidae (Grebes)
Species name author (Pallas, 1764)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 31,500,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change