email a friend
printable version
VU
Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable C2a(i); D1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Vulnerable
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 501,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500-1000 poor Estimated 2008
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -
Population justification: It has been estimated that there are probably more than 1,000 mature individuals (Thomsett 1998), although more recently it was stated that there are probably substantially fewer than 500 pairs (Jenkins et al. 2008). The population is therefore estimated to number 500-1,000 mature individuals, assumed to equate to c.750-1,500 individuals in total.
Trend justification: The population is precautionarily suspected to be in decline, based on evidence of reduced territory occupation in some areas, such as Zimbabwe and South Africa, during recent years (A. Jenkins in litt. 2012, 2014). These survey data are difficult to interpret given the limited time span of observations and the species's erratic occupancy of breeding territories, thus regular and systematic monitoring is required.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Botswana Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Kenya Kwenia site factsheet
Kenya Ol Donyo Sabache site factsheet
Kenya Taita Hills Forests site factsheet
Malawi Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique) site factsheet
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area site factsheet
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains site factsheet
Zambia Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park and Batoka Gorge site factsheet
Zambia Wonder Gorge site factsheet
Zimbabwe Batoka Gorge site factsheet
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe) site factsheet
Zimbabwe Chizarira National Park site factsheet
Zimbabwe Haroni - Rusitu junction and Botanical Reserves site factsheet
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 600 - 3800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Competition, Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Spotted Eagle-owl (Bubo africanus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Unspecified owls (Strigidae) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Falco fasciinucha. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author Reichenow & Neumann, 1895
Population size 500-1000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 501,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change