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 Falco peregrinus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Angola Native Extant        
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Argentina Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Australia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahamas Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant     Yes Yes
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Benin Native Extant        
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bolivia Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant        
Brazil Native Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Vagrant Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Chile Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Christmas Island (to Australia) Vagrant Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Comoros Native Extant        
Congo Native Extant Yes      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Ecuador Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Fiji Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
French Guiana Native Extant        
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Grenada Native Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant   Yes    
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant        
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Guyana Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant Yes      
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jamaica Native Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macao (China) Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mauritius Vagrant Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant     Yes Yes
Mongolia Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant Yes      
Nicaragua Native Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant     Yes Yes
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Panama Native Extant        
Papua New Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Paraguay Native Extant        
Peru Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant Yes      
Poland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant        
Samoa Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Solomon Islands Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes   Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Martin (to France) Native Extant   Yes    
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant     Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Suriname Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant     Yes Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Timor-Leste Native Extant       Yes
Togo Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant     Yes  
Uruguay Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vanuatu Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant     Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Austria Northern Kalkalpen site factsheet
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein site factsheet
Austria Styrian Enns valley site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa site factsheet
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Canada Tadoussac site factsheet
Cape Verde Central mountain range of Ilha de São Nicolau site factsheet
Cape Verde Ilhéu Branco site factsheet
Cape Verde Ilhéus do Rombo site factsheet
Cape Verde Serra do Pico da Antónia site factsheet
Croatia Dinara site factsheet
Croatia Kornati National Park and Telascica Nature Park site factsheet
Croatia Krka river and surrounding plateau site factsheet
Croatia Kvarner Islands site factsheet
Croatia Velebit site factsheet
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
Czech Republic Broumovsko site factsheet
Czech Republic Labské pískovce sandstones site factsheet
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune site factsheet
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dordogne site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat site factsheet
France Gorges de la Truyère site factsheet
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte site factsheet
France Haut Giffre site factsheet
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache site factsheet
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion site factsheet
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin. site factsheet
France Hautes Corbières site factsheet
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau site factsheet
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes site factsheet
France Les Bauges site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat site factsheet
France Minervois site factsheet
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston site factsheet
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands site factsheet
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets site factsheet
Greece Kythira island site factsheet
Greece Lefka mountains site factsheet
Greece Mount Zakrou site factsheet
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Ireland Wicklow Mountains site factsheet
Italy Abruzzo National Park site factsheet
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains site factsheet
Italy Belluno Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Coast between Bosa and Alghero site factsheet
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino site factsheet
Italy Cuglieri coast site factsheet
Italy Eolie islands site factsheet
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains site factsheet
Italy Finalese site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Lepini mountains site factsheet
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains site factsheet
Italy Madonie site factsheet
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains site factsheet
Italy Marchesato and River Neto site factsheet
Italy Maritime Alps site factsheet
Italy Mount Cervati site factsheet
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio site factsheet
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu site factsheet
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains site factsheet
Italy Stelvio National Park site factsheet
Italy Tuscan Archipelago site factsheet
Kenya Hells Gate National Park site factsheet
Poland Karkonosze Mountains site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Pieniny Mountains site factsheet
Poland Tatra mountains site factsheet
Portugal Berlenga and Farilhões islands site factsheet
Portugal Cabo Espichel site factsheet
Portugal Gerês mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Ponta da Piedade site factsheet
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Caraş gorge - Semenic Mountains site factsheet
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley site factsheet
Romania Igniş Mountains - Creasta Cocoşului site factsheet
Romania Metaliferi Mountains site factsheet
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa site factsheet
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain site factsheet
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni site factsheet
Romania Retezat Mountains site factsheet
Romania Trascău Mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river site factsheet
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau site factsheet
Russia (European) Uryuk site factsheet
Russia (European) Vaygach island site factsheet
Slovakia Chocské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Malá Fatra site factsheet
Slovakia Slovensky raj site factsheet
Slovakia Strazovske hills site factsheet
Slovakia Tatry site factsheet
Slovakia Velká Fatra site factsheet
Slovenia Grintovci site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Kočevsko site factsheet
Slovenia Rocky faces of Posavsko hribovje site factsheet
Slovenia Vipavski rob site factsheet
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river site factsheet
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza site factsheet
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle site factsheet
Spain Ayllón mountain range site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho site factsheet
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range site factsheet
Spain Cala Salada - Illa d'en Calders site factsheet
Spain Canyons on the middle section of the Cabriel river site factsheet
Spain Cape Busto-Luanco site factsheet
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains site factsheet
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cerrato high moor site factsheet
Spain Cortados del Jarama site factsheet
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Espadán mountain range site factsheet
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera site factsheet
Spain Guara mountain range site factsheet
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range) site factsheet
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez site factsheet
Spain Marina mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Montes Aquilanos range site factsheet
Spain Montsant and Prades mountains site factsheet
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains site factsheet
Spain Moratalla mountain range site factsheet
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso site factsheet
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire site factsheet
Spain Obarenes mountains site factsheet
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain site factsheet
Spain Peña de Francia site factsheet
Spain Pila mountain range site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca site factsheet
Spain Ricote and Nevela mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero site factsheet
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range site factsheet
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons site factsheet
Spain Tina Menor-Sarnosa island-Oyambre site factsheet
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Tramuntana mountains site factsheet
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons site factsheet
Spain Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña site factsheet
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako site factsheet
Spain Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range site factsheet
Sweden Lake Limsjön site factsheet
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp site factsheet
Switzerland Jura mountains of Baselland - Solothurn site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut site factsheet
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis site factsheet
United Kingdom Antrim Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Berwyn site factsheet
United Kingdom Bowland Fells site factsheet
United Kingdom Cairngorms site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands site factsheet
United Kingdom Elenydd - Mallaen site factsheet
United Kingdom Exmoor Coast and Heaths site factsheet
United Kingdom Galloway Forest Park site factsheet
United Kingdom Glannau Aberdaron and Ynys Enlli site factsheet
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Migneint - Arenig - Dduallt site factsheet
United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands site factsheet
United Kingdom North Lowther Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom Pembrokeshire Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom South Pennine and Peak District Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom South Pennine Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom West Penwith Coast and Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom Yorkshire Dale Moorlands site factsheet


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Falco peregrinus. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author Tunstall, 1771
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change