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Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 18,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.4 - - -
Trend justification: The species has suffered slight declines locally owing to persecution and collecting of eggs and chicks for falconry (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Benin Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes    
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
Congo Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
France Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Gabon Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant      
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant   Yes  
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Mauritania Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Qatar Unknown Extant      
Romania Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes  
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tanzania Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant      
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinous gorge site factsheet
Greece Central Rodos and the areas of Lindos, Mesanagros and Katavia-Prassonisi site factsheet
Greece Kalamaki gorge-Mount Zarkou site factsheet
Greece Kerketion mountain (Koziakas) site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Itamos site factsheet
Greece Mount Othrys site factsheet
Greece Mount Vourinos site factsheet
Greece Mounts Kato Olympos and Ossa, and Tembi ravine site factsheet
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas site factsheet
Greece Rodopos peninsula site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Jordan Burqu' site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Osogovo Mountains site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Tikvesh Region site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Syria Jabal al-Bilas site factsheet
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Valley site factsheet
Yemen Al-Murah site factsheet
Yemen High mountains of Ibb site factsheet
Yemen Jabal Sumarah site factsheet
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish site factsheet
Yemen Ta'izz wadis site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Desert Hot suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 5000 m


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Falco biarmicus. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Falconidae (Falcons and caracaras)
Species name author Temminck, 1825
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 17,900,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions