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LC
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 140,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 591,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 11800-12400 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 5,900-6,200 breeding pairs, equating to 11,800-12,600 mature individuals or 17,700-18,600 individuals in total (BirdLife International 2004).
Trend justification: The population is declining owing to over exploitation of chicks and eggs and loss of habitat caused by an increase in tourism development (del Hoyo et al. 1994).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes  
Comoros Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
France Native Extant Yes   Yes  
French Southern Territories Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant     Yes  
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant     Yes  
Mauritania Vagrant Extant        
Mauritius Vagrant Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant Yes      
Mozambique Vagrant Extant        
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant        
Réunion (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Rwanda Vagrant Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Vagrant Extant        
Spain Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tanzania Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Algeria Îles Habibas site factsheet
Croatia Kornati National Park and Telascica Nature Park site factsheet
Croatia Pucinski otoci site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Cape Aspro site factsheet
Greece Agioi Theodori islet site factsheet
Greece Agios Efstratios island site factsheet
Greece Amorgos island site factsheet
Greece Anafi island site factsheet
Greece Antikithira island, Prasouda and Lagouvardos islets site factsheet
Greece Astypalea island and nearby islets site factsheet
Greece Chalki island and nearby islets site factsheet
Greece Christiana islets site factsheet
Greece Dia island site factsheet
Greece Diapontia islands (Othoni, Erikoussa, Mathraki islands and rocky islets) site factsheet
Greece Dionisiades islands site factsheet
Greece Falkonera islet site factsheet
Greece Fourni islands site factsheet
Greece Ikaria island site factsheet
Greece Islets of Karpathian Sea site factsheet
Greece Islets of North Dodekanisa site factsheet
Greece Kasos island site factsheet
Greece Kavalli islets site factsheet
Greece Kinaros and Levitha islands and rocky islets site factsheet
Greece Koufonisi island site factsheet
Greece Mikres Kyklades site factsheet
Greece Mount Kohilas, Skyros island site factsheet
Greece National Marine Park of Alonissos (North Sporades) site factsheet
Greece Nisiros island and nearby islets site factsheet
Greece North and east Kalimnos, Telendos, and Kalolimnos islands and islets site factsheet
Greece North and south Patmos island and islets site factsheet
Greece North-east Tinos island site factsheet
Greece North-eastern edge of Crete site factsheet
Greece North, east and south Kithira island site factsheet
Greece Northern Sifnos site factsheet
Greece Northern Syros site factsheet
Greece Paros, Antiparos and adjacent islands site factsheet
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands site factsheet
Greece Rocky islets of Limnos island site factsheet
Greece Serifos island site factsheet
Greece Simi island and adjacent islets site factsheet
Greece Sirna island and nearby islets site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Tiganis peninsula and the islands of Gramvouses and Pontikonisi site factsheet
Greece Tilos island site factsheet
Greece Venetiko islet site factsheet
Greece West and north Zakynthos site factsheet
Greece Western Milos, Antimilos and Polyegos islands site factsheet
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino site factsheet
Italy Eolie islands site factsheet
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu site factsheet
Italy Pantelleria and Isole Pelagie site factsheet
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands site factsheet
Morocco Archipel d'Essaouira site factsheet
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba site factsheet
Morocco Falaise Sidi-Moussa site factsheet
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou site factsheet
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Cala Salada - Illa d'en Calders site factsheet
Spain Columbretes islands site factsheet
Spain Dragonera Island-La Trapa site factsheet
Spain Famara crag site factsheet
Spain Haría-Tabayesco site factsheet
Spain Islets Vedrá and Vedranell site factsheet
Spain Lanzarote islets site factsheet
Spain Tagomago island site factsheet
Spain Tramuntana mountains site factsheet
Tunisia El Feidja site factsheet
Tunisia Galite archipelago site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Turkey Bodrum peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Doğanbey Coast site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Islands site factsheet
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3000 m

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Falco eleonorae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author Géné, 1839
Population size 11800-12400 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 140,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species