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LC
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,290,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 670-6700 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 1,000-10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 670-6,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Benin Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant       Yes
Cameroon Native Extant       Yes
Central African Republic Native Extant       Yes
Chad Native Extant       Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant       Yes
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant       Yes
Djibouti Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Ghana Native Extant       Yes
Guinea Native Extant       Yes
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant       Yes
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Liberia Native Extant       Yes
Mali Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Niger Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant       Yes
Sierra Leone Native Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Togo Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Benin Pendjari National Park site factsheet
Burkina Faso Bérégadougou hill site factsheet
Cameroon Gashiga - Demsa site factsheet
Cameroon Mayo-Louti Forest Reserve site factsheet
Cameroon Mbam Djerem National Park site factsheet
Cameroon Mbi Crater Faunal Reserve - Mbingo forest site factsheet
Cameroon Mount Mbam site factsheet
Cameroon Mount Oku site factsheet
Cameroon Tchabal-Mbabo site factsheet
Cameroon Waza National Park site factsheet
Central African Republic André Félix National Park complex site factsheet
Central African Republic Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex site factsheet
Central African Republic Bozoum site factsheet
Central African Republic Manovo - Gounda - St Floris National Park complex site factsheet
Chad Ouadi Rimé - Ouadi Achim site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lendu Plateau site factsheet
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park site factsheet
Eritrea Central Plateau (Keren) site factsheet
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands site factsheet
Eritrea Mareb escarpment site factsheet
Eritrea Western Plain: Barka river site factsheet
Eritrea Western Plain: Gash - Setit site factsheet
Ethiopia Awash National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Jemma and Jara valleys site factsheet
Guinea Mafou site factsheet
Guinea Nialama site factsheet
Kenya Lake Turkana site factsheet
Mali Bafing site factsheet
Mali Falaise de Bandiagara site factsheet
Mali Sirakoroni - Tyènfala site factsheet
Niger Dallol Boboye site factsheet
Niger Dilia de Lagané site factsheet
Niger Makalondi district site factsheet
Nigeria Amurum woodlands (Taboru) site factsheet
Nigeria Assop Falls and hills site factsheet
Nigeria Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector site factsheet
Nigeria Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves site factsheet
Nigeria Gashaka-Gumti National Park site factsheet
Nigeria Kagoro - Nindam Forest Reserves site factsheet
Nigeria Obudu Plateau site factsheet
Nigeria Yankari National Park site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Parc National du Niokolo-Koba site factsheet
South Sudan Bandingilo site factsheet
South Sudan Imatong mountains site factsheet
South Sudan Juba site factsheet
South Sudan Kidepo site factsheet
South Sudan Nimule site factsheet
South Sudan Southern National Park site factsheet
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) site factsheet
Sudan Jebel Marra site factsheet
Togo Fazao-Malfakassa National Park site factsheet
Togo Kéran National Park site factsheet
Togo Oti Valley Faunal Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park site factsheet
Uganda Mount Otzi Forest Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Savanna Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Falco alopex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author (Heuglin, 1861)
Population size 670-6700 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,290,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change