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LC
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 14,300,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good Estimated 2007
Population trend Stable medium -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: The European population is estimated at 25,000-42,000 pairs, with half of these in Spain. Several thousand pairs breed outside this range, principally in central Asia. Wintering population estimates include a roost in Senegal of over 28,600 individuals in January 2007, and 98,000 in south Africa based on roost counts in 2006/2007. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: Although severe declines were recorded during the second half of the 20th century, the species appears to be stable or increasing slightly in many parts of its range (e.g. Iñigo and Barov 2010), and its overall population trend is considered to have been stable during the last three generations (estimated to be 17 years).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Angola Native Extant   Yes    
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extinct Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Unknown Extant     Yes  
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Benin Native Extant   Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant   Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant   Yes    
Burundi Native Extant   Yes    
Cambodia Unknown Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Central African Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Chad Native Extant   Yes Yes  
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Congo Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant   Yes    
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extinct Yes      
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant     Yes  
Egypt Native Extant     Yes  
Eritrea Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
France Native Extant Yes      
Gabon Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Gambia Native Extant   Yes    
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Ghana Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Guinea Native Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant     Yes  
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Japan Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Unknown Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extinct     Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant   Yes    
Liberia Native Extant   Yes    
Libya Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Malawi Native Extant   Yes    
Maldives Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Mali Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Mozambique Native Extant   Yes    
Myanmar Native Extant     Yes  
Namibia Native Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Niger Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Nigeria Native Extant   Yes    
Oman Native Extant     Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Portugal Native Extant Yes      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant   Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Senegal Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant   Yes    
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovakia Native Extinct Yes      
Slovenia Native Extinct Yes      
Somalia Native Extant   Yes    
South Africa Native Extant   Yes    
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Swaziland Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Tajikistan Unknown Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Togo Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant     Yes  
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zimbabwe Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hari Rud valley site factsheet
Afghanistan North-western steppe site factsheet
Afghanistan Salang Kotal site factsheet
Algeria Belezma site factsheet
Algeria Djurdjura site factsheet
Armenia Gorayk site factsheet
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest site factsheet
Azerbaijan Mount Kargabazar and Mount Gush-gaya site factsheet
Botswana Lake Ngami site factsheet
Botswana Okavango Delta site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
China (mainland) Altay forest and steppe site factsheet
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Baytik Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Burgen River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Burqin River and Kanas Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Changbai Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dalai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dali Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Damaoqi site factsheet
China (mainland) Dunhuang Nature Reserve and Western Qilian Shan mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Ili River basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Karamay Mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Kunes forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Mori Grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Nei Mongol Helan Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nudeng site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
China (mainland) Pingliang site factsheet
China (mainland) Sayram Nur site factsheet
China (mainland) Songhua Hu, Baishan Hu and Hongshi Hu site factsheet
China (mainland) Tacheng (Qoqek) area site factsheet
China (mainland) Taihang Shan Macaque Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulansuhai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) site factsheet
China (mainland) Xianghai Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve site factsheet
Egypt Ain Sukhna site factsheet
Egypt El Qa plain site factsheet
Egypt Gebel El Zeit site factsheet
Egypt Ras Mohammed National Park site factsheet
Egypt Suez site factsheet
Eritrea Asmara escarpment site factsheet
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands site factsheet
Eritrea Semenawi Bahri site factsheet
Ethiopia Awash National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Fogera plains site factsheet
Ethiopia Lake Langano site factsheet
Ethiopia Yangudi-Rassa National Park site factsheet
France Crau site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Gibraltar (to UK) Rock of Gibraltar site factsheet
Greece Area of Anthofito site factsheet
Greece Dionisiades islands site factsheet
Greece Elassona area site factsheet
Greece Farsala area site factsheet
Greece Fourni islands site factsheet
Greece Galaxidi site factsheet
Greece Ioannina city and neighbouring area site factsheet
Greece Kalamas gorge site factsheet
Greece Kotychi lagoon site factsheet
Greece Lake Chimaditis and Lake Zazaris site factsheet
Greece Lake Pamvotida (Ioanninon) site factsheet
Greece Lake Pikrolimni site factsheet
Greece Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula site factsheet
Greece Mati of Tirnavos site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikios, Cape Louros, Lake Psalidi, and Alyki site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece North and east Kalimnos, Telendos, and Kalolimnos islands and islets site factsheet
Greece North-eastern edge of Crete site factsheet
Greece Reservoirs of former Lake Karla site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Greece Tyrnavos area site factsheet
India Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Basai wetlands site factsheet
India Bhal area site factsheet
India Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park site factsheet
India Bordoibam-Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Danapur cantonment area site factsheet
India Gangapur Dam and grasslands site factsheet
India Grass Hills site factsheet
India Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Khangchendzonga National Park and Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
India Lava - Neora Valley National Park site factsheet
India Lhonak Valley site factsheet
India Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Manas National Park site factsheet
India Melghat Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands site factsheet
India Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Nameri National Park site factsheet
India Navegaon National Park site factsheet
India Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Palamau Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Pench Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary site factsheet
India Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sultanpur National Park site factsheet
India Toranmal Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Tso Lhamo Plateau - Lashar - Sebu La - Yumesamdong Complex site factsheet
India Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam site factsheet
Iraq Habbaniya Lake site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jerusalem (west) site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Ramot Menashe site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast site factsheet
Italy Coast between Bosa and Alghero site factsheet
Italy Gravine site factsheet
Italy Madonie site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands site factsheet
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Mujib site factsheet
Jordan Zubia - Shatana site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aktau cliff faces site factsheet
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park site factsheet
Kazakhstan Arkaly Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ayak-Bestau Hills site factsheet
Kazakhstan Basgurly-Zhazgurly Depression site factsheet
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon site factsheet
Kazakhstan Karabas Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kaundy Depression site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Sarysu River site factsheet
Kazakhstan Manyrak Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Middle reaches of the Sarysu River site factsheet
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sagyz site factsheet
Kazakhstan Toraygyr Ridge site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uil River and Taysoygan Sands site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ulytau Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range site factsheet
Kazakhstan Western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Kenya Masai Mara site factsheet
Kenya Mau Narok - Molo grasslands site factsheet
Kenya Mount Kenya site factsheet
Kenya Nairobi National Park site factsheet
Kenya Tsavo East National Park site factsheet
Kuwait Al-Jahra Pool Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kuwait Jal Az-Zor site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river site factsheet
Libya Jabal al Akhdar site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Ovche Pole site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Pelagonia site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Preod-Gjugjance site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Raec valley site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Tikvesh Region site factsheet
Malawi Lake Chilwa and flood-plain site factsheet
Mongolia Achit Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Borzon Gobi site factsheet
Mongolia Buir Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Bulgan River site factsheet
Mongolia Darkhad Depression site factsheet
Mongolia Dayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Delta of Orkhon and Selenge Rivers site factsheet
Mongolia Eej Khad site factsheet
Mongolia Erdenesant Mountains site factsheet
Mongolia Erkhel Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Gorkhi-Terelj National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Govi Gurvan Saikhan Mountain site factsheet
Mongolia Ikh Gazriin Chuluu site factsheet
Mongolia Ikh Nartiin Chuluu Nature Reserve site factsheet
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area site factsheet
Mongolia Khangain Nuruu National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Yamaat Nature Reserve site factsheet
Mongolia Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain site factsheet
Mongolia Khomiin Tal site factsheet
Mongolia Khongil site factsheet
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khustain Nuruu National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Maikhant Mountain site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Onon-Balj site factsheet
Mongolia Orog Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Sharga Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tarialan site factsheet
Mongolia Telmen Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Ugtam Nature Reserve site factsheet
Mongolia Uureg Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Chitwan National Park site factsheet
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage site factsheet
Nepal Mai Valley forests site factsheet
Nepal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Oman Qurm Nature Reserve site factsheet
Oman Sun Farms, Sohar site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem (east) site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Cuba site factsheet
Portugal Évora plains site factsheet
Portugal River Guadiana site factsheet
Portugal Vila Fernando site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Belozersk lakes site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Oruku-Shina site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tere-Khol' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity) site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok site factsheet
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube site factsheet
Russia (European) Beglitskaya sand-spit site factsheet
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Alatyr' river in vicinity of Ardatov site factsheet
Russia (European) Insaro-Kovylkinski site factsheet
Russia (European) Karanogaiskiye steppes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kayakentski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Krasnoarmeiskiye waste lands site factsheet
Russia (European) Kulaksay lowland site factsheet
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river site factsheet
Russia (European) Shur-Dere and Rubas foothills site factsheet
Russia (European) Stepnovski saltmarshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Bashlychai river site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
South Africa Amersfoort - Bethal - Carolina District site factsheet
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan site factsheet
South Africa Camdeboo National Park site factsheet
South Africa Chrissie Pans site factsheet
South Africa Fouriesburg - Bethlehem - Clarens site factsheet
South Africa Golden Gate Highlands National Park site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Karoo National Park site factsheet
South Africa Kruger National Park and adjacent areas site factsheet
South Africa Platberg-Karoo Conservancy site factsheet
South Africa Steenkampsberg site factsheet
Spain Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares site factsheet
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range site factsheet
Spain Azuaga-Llerena-Peraleda de Zaucejo site factsheet
Spain Ballobar-Candasnos site factsheet
Spain Belver de los Montes-Gallegos del Pan site factsheet
Spain Brozas-Membrío site factsheet
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range site factsheet
Spain Campo de Calatrava site factsheet
Spain Carmona countryside site factsheet
Spain Ceuta site factsheet
Spain Cinca river rice fields and steppe area site factsheet
Spain Condado-Campiña site factsheet
Spain Confidential site factsheet
Spain Córdoba countryside site factsheet
Spain Cortados del Jarama site factsheet
Spain Ecija-Osuna plain site factsheet
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains site factsheet
Spain Fuente de Cantos-Montemolín site factsheet
Spain Jaén countryside site factsheet
Spain Jerez de los Caballeros dehesas site factsheet
Spain Los Monegros (South) site factsheet
Spain Mérida-Montijo reservoir site factsheet
Spain Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina site factsheet
Spain Oropesa plains site factsheet
Spain Pedroches Occidentales site factsheet
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita site factsheet
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano site factsheet
Spain Plasencia and San Bernabé mountain range site factsheet
Spain Puebla de Don Fadrique-Las Cañadas site factsheet
Spain San Clemente-Villarrobledo site factsheet
Spain San Pedro mountain range site factsheet
Spain Talamanca-Camarma site factsheet
Spain Tarifa site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campiñas steppes site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes site factsheet
Spain Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa site factsheet
Spain Villafáfila site factsheet
Sudan En Nahud site factsheet
Sudan Jebel Marra site factsheet
Syria Buhayrat al-Assad site factsheet
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Mkomazi Game Reserve site factsheet
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro site factsheet
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area site factsheet
Tanzania Serengeti National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Tarangire National Park site factsheet
Tunisia Zaghouan aqueduct site factsheet
Turkey Akçakale Plains site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Balıkdamı site factsheet
Turkey Bodrum peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü site factsheet
Turkey Dicle Valley site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands site factsheet
Turkey Karacadağ site factsheet
Turkey Kozanlı Gökgöl site factsheet
Turkey Mogan lake site factsheet
Turkey Nemrut Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Seyfe Lake site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Turkey Van Plains site factsheet
Turkmenistan Sumbar site factsheet
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park site factsheet
Uganda Murchison Falls National Park site factsheet
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George site factsheet
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula site factsheet
Ukraine Ukrainian Steppe Nature Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Digdaga - Hamraniyah site factsheet
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Bukantau Mountain Range site factsheet
Uzbekistan Darasay Gorge site factsheet
Uzbekistan Mount Aktau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley site factsheet
Uzbekistan South-west Gizzar Foothills site factsheet
Yemen Al-Kadan area site factsheet
Yemen Jabal Sumarah site factsheet
Yemen Mafraq al-Mukha site factsheet
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps site factsheet
Zambia Barotse Floodplains site factsheet
Zambia Kafue Flats site factsheet
Zambia Kafue National Park site factsheet
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park site factsheet
Zambia Machile site factsheet
Zambia Mutinondo Wilderness site factsheet
Zambia Mutulanganga site factsheet
Zambia Nyanje Hills site factsheet
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia) site factsheet
Zambia Simungoma site factsheet
Zambia Uningi Pans site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable passage
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3700 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) No decline Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Falco naumanni. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

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Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author Fleischer, 1818
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 10,100,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species