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Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) D1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
shelf island
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 46,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000-2499 poor Suspected 2007
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.3 - - -
Population justification: The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 1,000-2,499 mature individuals. This equates to 1,500-3,749 individuals in total, rounded here to 1,500-4,000 individuals.
Trend justification: A survey in 2006 found that the breeding population had not increased but was stable at around 500 pairs.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Chile Native Extant       Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Canal Beagle site factsheet
Argentina Isla de los Estados, Islas de Año Nuevo e islotes adyacentes site factsheet
Argentina Islas Malvinas site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego y Reserva Provincial Corazón de la Isla site factsheet
Argentina Península Mitre site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Costa Atlántica de Tierra del Fuego y zonas adyacentes site factsheet
Chile Isla Noir site factsheet
Chile Isla Recalada site factsheet
Chile Isla Tucker site factsheet
Chile Islas Diego Ramírez y Rocas Norte site factsheet
Chile Islote Leonard site factsheet
Chile Laguna San Rafael National Park site factsheet
Chile Parque Nacional Cabo de Hornos site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Beauchêne Island site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Bird Island site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Elephant Cays Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Hummock Island Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Jason Islands Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) New Island Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Passage Islands Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Pebble Island Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Sea Lion Islands Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Speedwell Island Group site factsheet
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) West Point Island Group site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate major resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Past Impact
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Phalcoboenus australis. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Falconidae (Falcons, Caracaras)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1788)
Population size 1000-2499 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 46,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species