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Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number in the tens of thousands.
Trend justification: This species is declining locally owing to forest destruction, human disturbance and persecution and reduction in prey species (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Vagrant Extant     Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Benin Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant     Yes
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant Yes    
Indonesia Vagrant Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Vagrant Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes   Yes
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant     Yes
Qatar Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Singapore Vagrant Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Spain Native Extant     Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Switzerland Vagrant Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Derventski Heights site factsheet
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
France Barthes de l'Adour site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris site factsheet
France Forêt de Chaux site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dordogne site factsheet
France Gorges de la Sioule site factsheet
France Gorges de la Truyère site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
Greece Area of Oriokastro, Lake Delvinaki, Meropis forest, Gormou valley and Mounts Kasidiaris and Douskon site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Kroussia (or Mavrovouni) site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Portugal Arraiolos site factsheet
Portugal Cabeção site factsheet
Portugal Malcata mountains site factsheet
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos site factsheet
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Babadag wood site factsheet
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Fizes valley site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Subcarpaţii Vrancei site factsheet
Russia (European) Dono-Archedinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Gorodishchenski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kalitvenski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Karaichevski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kundryuchinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Migulinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Priyeruslanskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Schuch'i Gori area site factsheet
Russia (European) Secretevskiye sands (Oblivski forest) site factsheet
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Shakinski oak forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Snake hills site factsheet
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tul'skiye Zaseki Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Ust'-Medveditskaya area site factsheet
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Serbia Derdap gorge site factsheet
Spain Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Campo de Argañán site factsheet
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Central Badajoz mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Coria mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain East Gata mountain range site factsheet
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias site factsheet
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains site factsheet
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez site factsheet
Spain Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina site factsheet
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire site factsheet
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros site factsheet
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca site factsheet
Spain San Pedro mountain range site factsheet
Spain Sierra de Aracena site factsheet
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Tramuntana mountains site factsheet
Spain Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa site factsheet
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges site factsheet
Spain Zuera mountains site factsheet
Turkey Akdağ - Çivril site factsheet
Turkey Akseki and İbradı Forests site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey İlgaz Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Kelkit Valley site factsheet
Turkey Kızılcahamam Forests site factsheet
Turkey Sündiken Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Türkmenbaba Mountain site factsheet
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys site factsheet
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable passage
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable passage
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Hieraaetus pennatus. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1788)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions