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Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number in the tens of thousands.
Trend justification: This species is declining locally owing to forest destruction, human disturbance and persecution and reduction in prey species (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Benin Native Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes  
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Vagrant Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant     Yes Yes
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Derventski Heights site factsheet
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
France Barthes de l'Adour site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris site factsheet
France Forêt de Chaux site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dordogne site factsheet
France Gorges de la Sioule site factsheet
France Gorges de la Truyère site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
Greece Area of Oriokastro, Lake Delvinaki, Meropis forest, Gormou valley and Mounts Kasidiaris and Douskon site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Kroussia (or Mavrovouni) site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif site factsheet
Portugal Arraiolos site factsheet
Portugal Cabeção site factsheet
Portugal Malcata mountains site factsheet
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos site factsheet
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Babadag wood site factsheet
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Fizes valley site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Subcarpaţii Vrancei site factsheet
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Gorodishchenski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kalitvenski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Karaichevski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kundryuchenskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Migulinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Priyeruslanskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Schuch'i Gori area site factsheet
Russia (European) Secretevskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Shakinski oak forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Snake hills site factsheet
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tul'skiye Zaseki forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Ust'-Medveditskaya area site factsheet
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Serbia Deliblatska pescara site factsheet
Serbia Derdap gorge site factsheet
Spain Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares site factsheet
Spain Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range site factsheet
Spain Campo de Argañán site factsheet
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Central Badajoz mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cerrato high moor site factsheet
Spain Coria mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain East Gata mountain range site factsheet
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias site factsheet
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains site factsheet
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Jerez de los Caballeros dehesas site factsheet
Spain La Demanda mountains site factsheet
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range site factsheet
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Malpartida de Cáceres-Arroyo de la Luz site factsheet
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez site factsheet
Spain Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina site factsheet
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire site factsheet
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros site factsheet
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca site factsheet
Spain San Pedro mountain range site factsheet
Spain Sierra de Aracena site factsheet
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Tramuntana mountains site factsheet
Spain Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa site factsheet
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges site factsheet
Spain Zuera mountains site factsheet
Turkey Akdağ - Çivril site factsheet
Turkey Akseki and İbradı Forests site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey İlgaz Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Kelkit Valley site factsheet
Turkey Kızılcahamam Forests site factsheet
Turkey Sündiken Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Türkmenbaba Mountain site factsheet
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys site factsheet
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable passage
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable passage
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Hieraaetus pennatus. Downloaded from on 14/10/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/10/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1788)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change
- 2015 European Red List assessment