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Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,440,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,730,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18 - - -
Trend justification: The population is declining drastically throughout its range owing to over-use of pesticides, habitat degradation, loss of prey species, collision with power lines and persecution by hunters and pigeon fanciers (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001, Barov and Derhé 2011).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Austria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Unknown Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belgium Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Djibouti Native Extant       Yes
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant Yes      
Hungary Vagrant Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Laos Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant       Yes
Timor-Leste Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant       Yes
Vietnam Native Extant       Yes
Yemen Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges site factsheet
Cyprus Pafos Forest site factsheet
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains site factsheet
Cyprus Pentashoinos River site factsheet
France Basse Ardêche site factsheet
France Basses Corbières site factsheet
France Chaîne des Alpilles site factsheet
France Gorges du Gardon site factsheet
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais site factsheet
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes site factsheet
Greece Acheron delta and gorge site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Amorgos island site factsheet
Greece East Lakonia mountains site factsheet
Greece Ikaria island site factsheet
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Paramithias site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mountain Voras (Kaimaktchalan) site factsheet
Greece Mounts Dias, Mavrovouni and Koronos site factsheet
Greece Nisiros island and nearby islets site factsheet
Greece Saria island and northern Karpathos site factsheet
Italy Egadi islands site factsheet
Italy Madonie site factsheet
Italy Mount Arcosu site factsheet
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio site factsheet
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu site factsheet
Portugal Cabrela site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Côa valley site factsheet
Portugal Luzianes site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão site factsheet
Portugal River Guadiana site factsheet
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Monchique site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal Serra do Caldeirão site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Spain Alange site factsheet
Spain Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares site factsheet
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river site factsheet
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range site factsheet
Spain Alhamilla mountain range-Campo de Níjar plain site factsheet
Spain Antequera mountain range-El Chorro site factsheet
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle site factsheet
Spain Ayllón mountain range site factsheet
Spain Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range site factsheet
Spain Canyons on the middle section of the Cabriel river site factsheet
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains site factsheet
Spain Cedillo reservoir site factsheet
Spain Central Badajoz mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cijara reservoir site factsheet
Spain Echauri crags site factsheet
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias site factsheet
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains site factsheet
Spain Enguera mountain range-La Canal de Navarrés site factsheet
Spain Entrepeñas and Buendía reservoirs site factsheet
Spain Espadán mountain range site factsheet
Spain Gádor mountain range site factsheet
Spain Guara mountain range site factsheet
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope site factsheet
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range site factsheet
Spain Lerida steppes site factsheet
Spain Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja site factsheet
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Marina mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains site factsheet
Spain Montsant and Prades mountains site factsheet
Spain Morella pass site factsheet
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges of Cordoba site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina site factsheet
Spain Mountain ranges south of Jaén site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso site factsheet
Spain Obarenes mountains site factsheet
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain site factsheet
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Puerto de Mejoral-Almorchón-Cabeza del Buey site factsheet
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero site factsheet
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range site factsheet
Spain River Mundo and river Segura canyons site factsheet
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons site factsheet
Spain San Pedro mountain range site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla site factsheet
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos site factsheet
Spain Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons site factsheet
Turkey Bodrum Islands site factsheet
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Dicle Valley site factsheet
Turkey Dilek Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Foça Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Küpeli Mountain site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3750 m


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Aquila fasciata. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Vieillot, 1822)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,440,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment