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LC
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 41,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 42,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.3 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number > c.170,000 individuals (Rich et al. 2004), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in China; < c.100 breeding pairs and < c.50 wintering individuals in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes  
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Vagrant Extant        
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant       Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extinct Yes      
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes    
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mali Native Extant Yes      
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
South Korea Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant       Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Albania Lura site factsheet
Albania Vlora Bay, Karaburun Peninsula and Cika mountain site factsheet
Armenia Gorayk site factsheet
Armenia Haghartsin site factsheet
Armenia Jermook site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Armenia Zangezoor site factsheet
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park site factsheet
Austria Karwendel site factsheet
Austria Niedere Tauern site factsheet
Austria Northern Kalkalpen site factsheet
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein site factsheet
Austria Silvretta and Verwall site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Persenk site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Croatia Dinara site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa site factsheet
Estonia Kõrvemaa site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Estonia Tuhu-Kesu site factsheet
France Forêts domaniales de Corse site factsheet
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte site factsheet
France Haut Giffre site factsheet
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka) site factsheet
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains site factsheet
Greece Lefka mountains site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikti site factsheet
Greece Mount Falakro site factsheet
Greece Mount Gramos site factsheet
Greece Mount Idi site factsheet
Greece Mount Paramithias site factsheet
Greece Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Greece Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
Italy Abruzzo National Park site factsheet
Italy Adamello-Brenta site factsheet
Italy Alpi Apuane site factsheet
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi site factsheet
Italy Belluno Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Carniche Alps site factsheet
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains site factsheet
Italy Gran Paradiso site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains site factsheet
Italy Ligurian Alps site factsheet
Italy Madonie site factsheet
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains site factsheet
Italy Maritime Alps site factsheet
Italy Matese site factsheet
Italy Mount Sette Fratelli and Sarrabus site factsheet
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps site factsheet
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu site factsheet
Italy Rieti mountains site factsheet
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains site factsheet
Italy Stelvio National Park site factsheet
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Jakupica Mountain site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Radika catchment site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Shar Planina Mountain site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Gorce mountains site factsheet
Poland Poprad Site site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Côa valley site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos site factsheet
Portugal River Guadiana site factsheet
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Călimani Mountains site factsheet
Romania Defileul Crişului Repede - Iadului valley site factsheet
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley site factsheet
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa site factsheet
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain site factsheet
Romania Retezat Mountains site factsheet
Romania Rodnei Mountains site factsheet
Romania Trascău Mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Irendyk ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river site factsheet
Russia (European) Pechoro-Ilychski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system site factsheet
Russia (European) Priel'brus'ye National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Uryuk site factsheet
Russia (European) Vodlozero site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Serbia Sara mountain site factsheet
Serbia Stara mountain-Vidlic site factsheet
Serbia Tara mountain site factsheet
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka site factsheet
Serbia Valjevske mountains site factsheet
Slovakia Levocské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Malá Fatra site factsheet
Slovakia Nízke Tatry site factsheet
Slovakia Tatry site factsheet
Slovakia Velká Fatra site factsheet
Spain Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range site factsheet
Spain Alt Pallars site factsheet
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza site factsheet
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle site factsheet
Spain Ayllón mountain range site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Bardenas Reales site factsheet
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho site factsheet
Spain Boumort mountains site factsheet
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Central Badajoz mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains site factsheet
Spain Cijara reservoir site factsheet
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias site factsheet
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera site factsheet
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Guara mountain range site factsheet
Spain La Demanda mountains site factsheet
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range site factsheet
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez site factsheet
Spain Marina mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Montes Aquilanos range site factsheet
Spain Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range site factsheet
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains site factsheet
Spain Moratalla mountain range site factsheet
Spain Obarenes mountains site factsheet
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain site factsheet
Spain Peñagolosa site factsheet
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range site factsheet
Spain Pila mountain range site factsheet
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada site factsheet
Spain Puerto de Mejoral-Almorchón-Cabeza del Buey site factsheet
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero site factsheet
Spain River Jalón canyon site factsheet
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range site factsheet
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons site factsheet
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla site factsheet
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros site factsheet
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña site factsheet
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges site factsheet
Sweden Dumme mosse site factsheet
Sweden Sjaunja site factsheet
Sweden Vindelfjällen mountains (including Lake Tärnasjön) site factsheet
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp site factsheet
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys site factsheet
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park site factsheet
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis site factsheet
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Munzur Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Cairngorms site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands site factsheet
United Kingdom Central Highland Hills and Glens site factsheet
United Kingdom Cnuic Agus Cladach Mhuile site factsheet
United Kingdom Cuillins site factsheet
United Kingdom Foinaven site factsheet
United Kingdom Glen Affric to Strathconon site factsheet
United Kingdom Glen Etive and Glen Fyne site factsheet
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Jura, Scarba and the Gravellachs site factsheet
United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands site factsheet
United Kingdom Loch Maree and Nearby Lochs and Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Moidart and Ardgour site factsheet
United Kingdom North Harris Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Park, Lewis site factsheet
United Kingdom Rois-bheinn site factsheet
United Kingdom Rois-Bheinn site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Grassland Temperate major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 6200 m

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Aquila chrysaetos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 41,500,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species