email a friend
printable version
VU
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(ii) 
Vulnerable  

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2007 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,440,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,250,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 medium Estimated 1999
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 2500-9999 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,800-2,200 breeding pairs, equating to 3,600-4,400 individuals. Recent population estimates from Russia and Kazakhstan suggest the global population may exceed 10,000 mature individuals, but in light of criticism of these estimates the population is precautionarily retained in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals here. This equates to 3,750-14,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals.
Trend justification:

Recent reports from Russia and Kazakhstan indicate these populations may be stable, however, these reports need further confirmation. As such, the global population of this species is precautionarily estimated to remain in decline, owing to habitat loss and exploitation across its range.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Belarus Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cambodia Native Extant   Yes    
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Croatia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cyprus Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Egypt Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Eritrea Native Extant   Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant   Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant   Yes    
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant   Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant     Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Vagrant Extant        
Macao (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Malaysia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Montenegro Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Morocco Vagrant Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant   Yes Yes  
North Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Vagrant Extant        
South Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant   Yes    
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes    
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Austria Central Marchfeld site factsheet
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest site factsheet
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden site factsheet
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley site factsheet
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area site factsheet
Azerbaijan Gekchai Bozdag mountains site factsheet
Azerbaijan Ismailly area site factsheet
Azerbaijan Karayazi forest site factsheet
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag site factsheet
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area site factsheet
Bangladesh Teknaf Game Reserve site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Strandzha site factsheet
Cambodia Ang Tropeang Thmor site factsheet
Cambodia Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray site factsheet
China (mainland) Altay forest and steppe site factsheet
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Bogda (Tian Chi) site factsheet
China (mainland) Burgen River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Burqin River and Kanas Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Cao Hai Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Changdao Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Changtang plateau site factsheet
China (mainland) Dalai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongzhaigang site factsheet
China (mainland) Dunhuang Nature Reserve and Western Qilian Shan mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Eastern Qilian Shan mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Funiu Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongliu spruce forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Heyang Huang He Wetlands Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huihe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huzhong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Ili River basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiulingshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jonê site factsheet
China (mainland) Kunes forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Lanbowan–Qilihe Wetland site factsheet
China (mainland) Laotieshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Loess Plateau in western Gansu site factsheet
China (mainland) Longshan section of Nonggang site factsheet
China (mainland) Mori Grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Mount Tuomuer Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis and Desert in Hami site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
China (mainland) Orqohan site factsheet
China (mainland) Poyang Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Qapqal grassland and wetland site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sayram Nur site factsheet
China (mainland) Shengjin Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Shiwandashan site factsheet
China (mainland) Song Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tacheng (Qoqek) area site factsheet
China (mainland) Taipo Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xidamingshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yancheng Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhengzhou Huanghe Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
Djibouti Kadda Guéïni - Doumêra site factsheet
Egypt Ain Sukhna site factsheet
Egypt El Qa plain site factsheet
Egypt Gebel El Zeit site factsheet
Egypt Ras Mohammed National Park site factsheet
Egypt Suez site factsheet
Ethiopia Bale Mountains National Park site factsheet
Georgia Adjara-Imereti Ridge site factsheet
Georgia Alazani Valley site factsheet
Georgia Algeti site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Jandari Lake site factsheet
Georgia Kvernaki Ridge site factsheet
Georgia Lower Kura Valley site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség site factsheet
Hungary Börzsöny site factsheet
Hungary Bükk site factsheet
Hungary Del-Hevesi-sik site factsheet
Hungary Gerecse site factsheet
Hungary Hernád Valley site factsheet
Hungary Heves Plain site factsheet
Hungary Mátra site factsheet
Hungary Vértes site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand site factsheet
India Basai wetlands site factsheet
India Bhal area site factsheet
India Corbett Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Dachigam National Park site factsheet
India Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj site factsheet
India Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands site factsheet
India Flamingo City site factsheet
India Gangapur Dam and grasslands site factsheet
India Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Gorumara National Park site factsheet
India Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kaj Lake (Pipalava Bandharo) site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande site factsheet
India Lava - Neora Valley National Park site factsheet
India Lingambudhi Lake and environs site factsheet
India Madhav National Park site factsheet
India Mahul - Sewree Creek site factsheet
India Mechuka - Monigong - Jorgging site factsheet
India Naliya Grassland (Lala Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary) site factsheet
India Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Nameri National Park site factsheet
India Nandur Madhmeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Navegaon National Park site factsheet
India Pench Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Ranthambore National Park and Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Sariska Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Sultanpur National Park site factsheet
India Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Velavadar National Park site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Jordan Azraq site factsheet
Jordan Burqu' site factsheet
Jordan Irbid - Mafraq plains site factsheet
Jordan Madaba - Hisban site factsheet
Jordan Shaumari site factsheet
Kazakhstan Alekseevskie steppe pine forests site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Western edge of the Karakoyin and Zhetikonyr Sands site factsheet
Kuwait Al-Batin Park site factsheet
Kuwait Al-Jahra Pool Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kuwait Jal Az-Zor site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Ovche Pole site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Preod-Gjugjance site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Zletovska valley site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Tikvesh Region site factsheet
Mongolia Airkhan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Bulgan River site factsheet
Mongolia Bulgan Tal site factsheet
Mongolia Erdenesant Mountains site factsheet
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area site factsheet
Mongolia Khangain Nuruu National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Onon-Balj site factsheet
Mongolia Tarialan site factsheet
Mongolia Teshigiin Olon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Chitwan National Park site factsheet
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park site factsheet
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park site factsheet
Oman Khawr Hassan site factsheet
Oman Khawr Rouri site factsheet
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar site factsheet
Oman Sun Farms, Sohar site factsheet
Oman Wadi Darbat site factsheet
Pakistan Drigh Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Waterfowl Refuge site factsheet
Pakistan Jubo Ramsar Site site factsheet
Pakistan Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) site factsheet
Pakistan Lal Sohanra National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Manchar Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Micleşti wood site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Balagansk forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Barluksko-Sayanskaya floodplain of Oka river and Kuitunskaya foreststeppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Belozersk lakes site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Northern slope of Khamar-Daban mountains site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ol'khon area site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Selenga delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) South Baikal migratory corridor site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tunkin valley site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ulukhkol' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Aleyskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Anuyskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Arkaim site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Birsuat site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Charyshskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Cheka mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Gornaya Kolyvan' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Interfluve of the rivers Small and Big Karatanka site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kanskaya Steppe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kornilovsky pine forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krasnoschekovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kulundinskaya forest band site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Loktevskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Mountain of the Checka site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the river Uj site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pine forest at village Redut site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Sources of the rivers Big Karaganka and Syntasty site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tanater-Rublevo Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) The Tobolsk pine forests at village Proryvnoe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) The top part of pools of the rivers Big Karaganka and the rivers Syntasty site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tri Gusikhi site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tundyt mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Uzkaya Steppe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vicinities of settlement Kalininsky site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vicinities of settlement Rymniksky site factsheet
Russia (European) Aiskiye yary site factsheet
Russia (European) Andreyaul'ski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Bakalinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Baksanskoye ravine site factsheet
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube site factsheet
Russia (European) Bel'skaya flood-plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Berkubinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Birskaya flood-plain of river Belaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Bogdinsko-Baskunchakski site factsheet
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Bulukhta area site factsheet
Russia (European) Buninski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Chegemskoye ravine site factsheet
Russia (European) Cheremshanski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Cherkaski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Danilovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Ergeninskaya area site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Alatyr' river in vicinity of Ardatov site factsheet
Russia (European) Forest-steppe Gyul'chachak (Peony forest-steppe) site factsheet
Russia (European) Ichalkovski site factsheet
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Irendyk ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Karabash-Kudashskaya forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Karanogaiskiye steppes site factsheet
Russia (European) Karginskiye hills site factsheet
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Khulamskoye ravine site factsheet
Russia (European) Khvalynski National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Kuznetski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Laman-Kam area site factsheet
Russia (European) Levo-Dobrinskaya valley site factsheet
Russia (European) Lower reaches of Sulak river site factsheet
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river site factsheet
Russia (European) Malka river ravine site factsheet
Russia (European) Maly Nakas ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Mishkinski forest tract site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Sakmara river site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river site factsheet
Russia (European) Nikifarovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Octyabr'ski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Orenburgski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Outskirts of Kislovodsk site factsheet
Russia (European) Pis'myanskiye Gori area site factsheet
Russia (European) Prisyun'ski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Privolzhskaya forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river site factsheet
Russia (European) Rychkovskaya forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Sengileyevskiye mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Shaitan-Tau ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Sharanski Bor site factsheet
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river site factsheet
Russia (European) Shugurovskoye plateau site factsheet
Russia (European) Siniye mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Snake hills site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Akshibai river site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Alimbet rive and Aktykyl ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Khudes river site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of the Podkumok river site factsheet
Russia (European) Staromainskiy forest and bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Stepan Rasin Rock site factsheet
Russia (European) Steppe valley of Sakmara river site factsheet
Russia (European) Sviyago-Kubninskaya forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Tashlinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tazlarovskie hills site factsheet
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau site factsheet
Russia (European) Usen'-Ivanovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Khasaut river, mountains B.Bermamyt and M.Bermamyt site factsheet
Russia (European) Vedeneevsk pine forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Verkhnechegemskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershead of Malaya Sviyaga river site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed of Bel'skaya and Nugush rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed of Kazanka and Shoshma rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Yangiyurtovski reserve and Bakas fen site factsheet
Russia (European) Zilairskoye Prisakmar'ye site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Habrow al-Arabi site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Harrat al-Harrah site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Wadi Jawwah site factsheet
Serbia Fruska Gora site factsheet
Slovakia Kosice valley site factsheet
Slovakia Malé Karpaty site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Tríbec site factsheet
Slovakia Vychodoslovenska plain site factsheet
South Korea Cheolwon basin site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Gocheonam-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Junam reservoir site factsheet
South Korea Yeongam-ho lake site factsheet
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Beynam Forests site factsheet
Turkey Çığlıkara Forests (and Avlan Lake) site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sündiken Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Türkmenbaba Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Turkey Yeniçağa Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Badhyz site factsheet
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Izyums'ka Luka forest site factsheet
Ukraine Katran-Yakkan-Tepe Mountain (Karabi Yajla) site factsheet
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet
Uzbekistan Amudarya floodlands near Termez site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet
Yemen High mountains of Ibb site factsheet
Yemen Kawkaban - Shibam site factsheet
Yemen Ta'izz wadis site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1400 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3900 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Aquila heliaca. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author Savigny, 1809
Population size 2500-9999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 9,440,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species