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Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(ii) 
Vulnerable  

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2011 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2007 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,800,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,700,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 3300-8800 medium Estimated 2004
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 5000-13200 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 810-1,100 breeding pairs, equating to 2,430-3,300 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 5,000-13,200 individuals in total, roughly equating to 3,300-8,800 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Taiwan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: This species is suspected to have undergone at least a moderately rapid decline over the last three generations as a result of habitat loss and degradation throughout its breeding and wintering ranges, together with the effects of disturbance, persecution and competition with other predators.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Armenia Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes    
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant     Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant     Yes  
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cambodia Native Extant   Yes    
Cameroon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Chad Vagrant Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cyprus Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant     Yes  
Egypt Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Eritrea Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes    
Finland Native Extant Yes      
France Native Extant   Yes    
Georgia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Hungary Native Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant   Yes    
Indonesia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Italy Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Japan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant   Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macao (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes    
Mali Unknown Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Montenegro Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Morocco Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Nepal Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant     Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Serbia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes    
South Africa Unknown Extant   Yes    
South Korea Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Switzerland Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Thailand Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant   Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Uganda Unknown Extant   Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Possibly Extinct   Yes Yes  
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Unknown Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Albania Karavasta Lagoon site factsheet
Albania Velipoja site factsheet
Bangladesh Hail Haor site factsheet
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel site factsheet
Belarus Al'manskija baloty site factsheet
Belarus Balota Zvaniec site factsheet
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna site factsheet
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik site factsheet
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Chavanščyna site factsheet
Belarus Cikiny astravy site factsheet
Belarus Čyrvonaje site factsheet
Belarus Kaz'jany site factsheet
Belarus L'va floodplain site factsheet
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch site factsheet
Belarus Mid Prypiac' site factsheet
Belarus Pcič floodplain site factsheet
Belarus Polesie Reserve site factsheet
Belarus Prypiackija baloty site factsheet
Belarus Stary Žadzien site factsheet
Belarus Vieluta site factsheet
Belarus Volchva site factsheet
Belarus Vydryca site factsheet
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Cambodia Ang Tropeang Thmor site factsheet
Cambodia Chhep site factsheet
Cambodia Northern Santuk site factsheet
Cambodia Stung / Chi Kreng / Kampong Svay site factsheet
Cambodia Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray site factsheet
Cambodia Upper Stung Sen Catchment site factsheet
Cambodia Veal Srongae site factsheet
Cambodia Western Siem Pang site factsheet
China (mainland) Altay forest and steppe site factsheet
China (mainland) Area between Qinghai Hu and A'nyêmaqên site factsheet
China (mainland) Beidagang site factsheet
China (mainland) Bogda (Tian Chi) site factsheet
China (mainland) Burqin River and Kanas Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Dalai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dali Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Funiu Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongliu spruce forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Holqin Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Ili River basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Karamay Mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Kunes forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Lanbowan–Qilihe Wetland site factsheet
China (mainland) Laotieshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Meihua Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Min Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Mori Grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Mount Huang Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Mount Tuomuer Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
China (mainland) Orqohan site factsheet
China (mainland) Pangquangou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Poyang Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Qapqal grassland and wetland site factsheet
China (mainland) Saihan Ul Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sayram Nur site factsheet
China (mainland) She Dao Island site factsheet
China (mainland) Shengjin Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Taipo Hu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tongbiguan site factsheet
China (mainland) Tumuji Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wuda Lianchi Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xianghai Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhalong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhengzhou Huanghe Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Danube site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Djibouti Kadda Guéïni - Doumêra site factsheet
Egypt Ain Sukhna site factsheet
Egypt Suez site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Käntu-Kastja site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Kalamas estuary site factsheet
Greece Lake Kerkini site factsheet
Greece Mount Kroussia (or Mavrovouni) site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
India Asan Barrage site factsheet
India Bannerghatta National Park site factsheet
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand site factsheet
India Basai wetlands site factsheet
India Bauwwa Beel site factsheet
India Bhal area site factsheet
India Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park site factsheet
India Bordoibam-Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bordoloni - Sampora site factsheet
India Carambolim Wetlands site factsheet
India Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Chakrashila Complex site factsheet
India Corbett Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Desert National Park site factsheet
India Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj site factsheet
India Dibru - Saikhowa Complex site factsheet
India Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands site factsheet
India Dudhwa National Park site factsheet
India Flamingo City site factsheet
India Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Gorumara National Park site factsheet
India Grass Hills site factsheet
India Gudavi Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Hanle Plains (Hanle River marshes) site factsheet
India Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Jamjing and Sengajan site factsheet
India Jhanjimukh - Kokilamukh site factsheet
India Kaj Lake (Pipalava Bandharo) site factsheet
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary site factsheet
India Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage site factsheet
India Kattampally site factsheet
India Kawar (Kabar) Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande site factsheet
India Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kole Wetland site factsheet
India Krishnarajasagar Reservoir site factsheet
India Kunthur - Kallur Lakes site factsheet
India Kurra Jheel site factsheet
India Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary - Tsomgo - Tamze - Chola Complex site factsheet
India Lakh-Bahosi Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries site factsheet
India Lingambudhi Lake and environs site factsheet
India Loktak Lake and Keibul Lamjao National Park site factsheet
India Madhav National Park site factsheet
India Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary - Tendong Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Mahul - Sewree Creek site factsheet
India Majuli site factsheet
India Manas National Park site factsheet
India Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands site factsheet
India Nagarhole National Park site factsheet
India Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Namdapha - Kamlang site factsheet
India Nameri National Park site factsheet
India Narasambudhi Lake site factsheet
India Narora site factsheet
India National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Agra/Etawah) (part of National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary AZE) site factsheet
India National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) (part of National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary AZE) site factsheet
India Navegaon National Park site factsheet
India Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Naya Bandh Wetland Complex site factsheet
India Okhla Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pabho Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Palamau Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary - Zuluk - Bedang Tso - Natula Complex site factsheet
India Pani-Dihing Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Patna Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pench Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Rajaji National Park site factsheet
India Rajiv Ghandi Wildlife Sanctuary (Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam Tiger Reserve) site factsheet
India Rangananthittu Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Riat Khwan - Umiam Lake site factsheet
India Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forests site factsheet
India Saman Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Samaspur Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sanjay Gandhi National Park site factsheet
India Sariska Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Sheikha Jheel site factsheet
India Simlipal National Park site factsheet
India Singhalila National Park site factsheet
India Son Beel site factsheet
India Sultanpur National Park site factsheet
India Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve (National Park) site factsheet
India Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Taloda Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Thane Creek site factsheet
India Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Toranmal Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Tso Lhamo Plateau - Lashar - Sebu La - Yumesamdong Complex site factsheet
India Upper Dihing (East) Complex site factsheet
India Vedanthangal and Karikili Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Velavadar National Park site factsheet
India Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iraq Shatt Al Arab marshes site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Kazakhstan Alekseevskie steppe pine forests site factsheet
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine site factsheet
Malaysia Bintang Range site factsheet
Malaysia Nakawan Range site factsheet
Malaysia Tanjung Tuan site factsheet
Mongolia Bulgan Tal site factsheet
Mongolia Darkhad Depression site factsheet
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area site factsheet
Mongolia Onon-Balj site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Bagan Section site factsheet
Myanmar Indawlay Kan site factsheet
Myanmar Inle Lake site factsheet
Myanmar Kaladan River site factsheet
Myanmar Moyingyi site factsheet
Myanmar Nadi Kan site factsheet
Myanmar Taung Kan at Sedawgyi site factsheet
Myanmar Yemyet Inn site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Barandabhar forests and wetlands site factsheet
Nepal Bardia National Park site factsheet
Nepal Chitwan National Park site factsheet
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Mai Valley forests site factsheet
Nepal Nawalparasi forests site factsheet
Nepal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Oman Khawr Rouri site factsheet
Pakistan Drigh Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Waterfowl Refuge site factsheet
Pakistan Jubo Ramsar Site site factsheet
Pakistan Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Lal Sohanra National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Manchar Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Nara canal wetlands (including Soonhari, Sadhori and Sanghriaro lakes) site factsheet
Pakistan Phoosna Wetlands Complex site factsheet
Pakistan Pugri Lake site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Argun' river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Arkhara lowlands (including Khinganskiy Nature Reserve) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Balagansk forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Barluksko-Sayanskaya floodplain of Oka river and Kuitunskaya foreststeppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Belozersk lakes site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North Baikal wetlands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Northern slope of Khamar-Daban mountains site factsheet
Russia (Asian) South Baikal migratory corridor site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tere-Khol' lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Torey lakes site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tunkin valley site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Berd' river valley site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Biyskiye pine forests site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Burlinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Burlinskaya forest band site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dresvyanskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tuy river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Gornaya Kolyvan' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Karakansky pine forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kornilovsky pine forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kulundinskaya forest band site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetski Alatau site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Muromcevskoje a bog site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Natural reserve Kuznetskij Alatau site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ozersky pine forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pine forest at village Redut site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Suzunsky pine forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Uzkaya Steppe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Volchihinskay site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube site factsheet
Russia (European) Bekovskoye forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Bel'skaya flood-plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Berkubinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Birskaya flood-plain of river Belaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Bulukhta area site factsheet
Russia (European) Chapaevskie Limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas site factsheet
Russia (European) Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Downstream of Ik river site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood plain of Lukh river between Myt and Mugreevo-Nikol'skoye villages site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Klyaz'ma river from mouth of Teza river up to Mstera site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Lukh and Myt villages site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Volkhov river site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Oka river in Vachski district of N.Novgorod region and adjacent areas of Vladimir region site factsheet
Russia (European) Forests and wetlands in the valley of the Nuzhma river site factsheet
Russia (European) Homeland of the Crane (Dubna marshes and adjacent areas) site factsheet
Russia (European) Irnykshinskie marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Yayvenski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Kayakentski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Klyazminski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Klyazminsko-Balakhninskaya lowland site factsheet
Russia (European) Krasnokamski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kuplongskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Kvarkush and Zolotoy Kamen' ridges site factsheet
Russia (European) Laman-Kam area site factsheet
Russia (European) Mishkinski forest tract site factsheet
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river site factsheet
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland site factsheet
Russia (European) Okhlebininskaya flood-plain of river Belaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Pavlovskoye reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Rasskazan' lake and flood-plain of Khoper river site factsheet
Russia (European) Redrovski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Rychkovskaya forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Shur-Dere and Rubas foothills site factsheet
Russia (European) Smolenskoye Poozer'ye site factsheet
Russia (European) Sokino site factsheet
Russia (European) Sondugski Reserve and its outskirts site factsheet
Russia (European) Terekhovski oak-forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau site factsheet
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Uryuk site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Bashlychai river site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Zhizdra river site factsheet
Russia (European) Vetluga floodplain in the Nizhni Novgorod region site factsheet
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed between Sura and Barysh rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed of Bel'skaya and Nugush rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Zavidovo Nature Reserve, including Lotoshinski, Klinski and Diatlovo fish-ponds site factsheet
Russia (European) Zаlazniki, Beli, Urino and Leskovo area site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam site factsheet
Singapore Kranji-Mandai site factsheet
Singapore Ubin-Khatib site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Gocheonam-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Yeongam-ho lake site factsheet
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand site factsheet
Thailand Lower Central Basin site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Ukraine Bondar marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subarctic major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1400 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4000 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / American Mink (Neovison vison) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Competition
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Hybridisation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Clanga clanga. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author Pallas, 1811
Population size 3300-8800 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species