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Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2007 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,630,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,420,000
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 42000-57000 good Estimated 2007
Population trend Unknown poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 14,000-19,000 breeding pairs, equating to 42,000-57,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004).
Trend justification: Although this species may have undergone a decline, recent annual counts in Israel suggest the population has recovered to some extent in recent years (D. Alon in litt. 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant     Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes
Hungary Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Unknown Extant   Yes  
Israel Native Extant     Yes
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant     Yes
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Malawi Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes   Yes
Morocco Vagrant Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Vagrant Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Vagrant Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tanzania Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes   Yes
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Dsegh site factsheet
Armenia Haghartsin site factsheet
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley site factsheet
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley site factsheet
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley site factsheet
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Nalibockaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Polesie Reserve site factsheet
Belarus Staraja Vic' site factsheet
Bulgaria Derventski Heights site factsheet
Bulgaria Emine site factsheet
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Suha Reka site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Estonia Kärevere site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Otepää site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini) site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Hungary Bükk site factsheet
Hungary Mátra site factsheet
Hungary Tolnai-Hegyhát site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Latvia Kuja site factsheet
Latvia Panemune forest site factsheet
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine site factsheet
Latvia Razna site factsheet
Latvia Satini fish-ponds site factsheet
Latvia Ukri forest site factsheet
Latvia Vecumi site factsheet
Latvia Zvarde forest site factsheet
Lithuania Birzai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Buda-Pravieniskes forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Dotnuva-Josvainiai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Gedziunai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Gruzai, Uzulenis, Taujenai, Skaistuziai and neighbouring forests complex site factsheet
Lithuania Gubernija-Gruzdziai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Krekenava forests site factsheet
Lithuania Labunava forest site factsheet
Lithuania Lanciunava forest site factsheet
Lithuania Sesuoliai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Simonys & Ramuldava forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania The part of the Grazute RP site factsheet
Lithuania Zalioji & Gitenai forests complex site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Drawa River Site site factsheet
Poland Insko Site site factsheet
Poland Knyszyn Forest site factsheet
Poland Mircze Site site factsheet
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest site factsheet
Poland Pasleka river valley site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Roztocze site factsheet
Poland Sieniawa Forest site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Poland Warmia Site site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dorohoi - Şaua Bucecei site factsheet
Romania Giurgeu Depression site factsheet
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Vânători - Neamţ site factsheet
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian (Courish) Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Polesski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tselau bog system site factsheet
Russia (European) Tul'skiye Zaseki Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Vishtynetski (Red) forest site factsheet
Serbia Derdap gorge site factsheet
Serbia Fruska Gora site factsheet
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka site factsheet
Serbia Vršačke Planine site factsheet
Slovakia Čergov site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains site factsheet
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Gorgany site factsheet
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Aquila pomarina. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author Brehm, 1831
Population size 42000-57000 mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,630,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species