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Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2007 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,630,000
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 40000-60000 good Estimated 2012
Population trend Stable poor Not Applicable -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.6 - - -
Population justification: The European population is estimated at 16,400-22,100 pairs, which equates to 32,800-44,200 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 73% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 44,900-60,500 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. It is placed in the band 40,000 to 60,000 mature individuals. A survey in 2014 counted 47,594 individuals in southern Turkey (S. Oppel in litt. 2014). Whilst c.58,000 individuals were recorded in 2008 during migration counts over the Bosporus (Fülöp et al. 2014).
Trend justification: Although this species may have undergone a decline, recent annual counts in Israel suggest the population has recovered to some extent in recent years (D. Alon in litt. 2006). In Europe, which supports approximately 73% of the global population, the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant     Yes  
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant        
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Unknown Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Native Extant     Yes  
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malawi Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Montenegro Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Morocco Vagrant Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tanzania Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Dsegh site factsheet
Armenia Haghartsin site factsheet
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley site factsheet
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley site factsheet
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley site factsheet
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Nalibockaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Polesie Reserve site factsheet
Belarus Staraja Vic' site factsheet
Bulgaria Derventski Heights site factsheet
Bulgaria Emine site factsheet
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Suha Reka site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Croatia Pokupski pool site factsheet
Croatia Turopolje site factsheet
Estonia Kärevere site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Otepää site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini) site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Hungary Bükk site factsheet
Hungary Mátra site factsheet
Hungary Tolnai-Hegyhát site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Latvia Kuja site factsheet
Latvia Panemune forest site factsheet
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine site factsheet
Latvia Razna site factsheet
Latvia Satini fish-ponds site factsheet
Latvia Ukri forest site factsheet
Latvia Vecumi site factsheet
Latvia Zvarde forest site factsheet
Lithuania Birzai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Buda-Pravieniskes forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Dotnuva-Josvainiai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Gedziunai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Gruzai, Uzulenis, Taujenai, Skaistuziai and neighbouring forests complex site factsheet
Lithuania Gubernija-Gruzdziai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Krekenava forests site factsheet
Lithuania Labunava forest site factsheet
Lithuania Lanciunava forest site factsheet
Lithuania Sesuoliai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Simonys & Ramuldava forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania The part of the Grazute RP site factsheet
Lithuania Zalioji & Gitenai forests complex site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Drawa River Site site factsheet
Poland Insko Site site factsheet
Poland Knyszyn Forest site factsheet
Poland Mircze Site site factsheet
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest site factsheet
Poland Pasleka river valley site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Roztocze site factsheet
Poland Sieniawa Forest site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Poland Warmia Site site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dorohoi - Şaua Bucecei site factsheet
Romania Giurgeu Depression site factsheet
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Vânători - Neamţ site factsheet
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Polesski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tselau bog system site factsheet
Russia (European) Tul'skiye Zaseki forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Vishtynetski (Red) forest site factsheet
Serbia Derdap gorge site factsheet
Serbia Fruska gora site factsheet
Serbia Obedska bara site factsheet
Slovakia Čergov site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains site factsheet
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Gorgany site factsheet
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland Suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate Major breeding
Savanna Dry Major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem conversion
Other options Other threat Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Transportation & service corridors Flight paths Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Species mortality


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Subsistence, National

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Clanga pomarina. Downloaded from on 27/11/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/11/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author Brehm, 1831
Population size 40000-60000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,630,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment