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Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,240,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 670-6700 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.7 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 1,000-10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 670-6,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Burundi Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Rwanda Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Zambia Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
Burundi Kibira National Park site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Awi Zone site factsheet
Ethiopia Bale Mountains National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Chilimo-Gaji forest site factsheet
Ethiopia Guassa Plateau (Menz) site factsheet
Ethiopia Jibat forest site factsheet
Ethiopia Simien Mountains National Park site factsheet
Kenya Aberdare Mountains site factsheet
Kenya Cherangani Hills site factsheet
Kenya Chyulu Hills forests site factsheet
Kenya Kakamega forest site factsheet
Kenya Kikuyu Escarpment forest site factsheet
Kenya Mau forest complex site factsheet
Kenya Mau Narok - Molo grasslands site factsheet
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya) site factsheet
Kenya Mount Kenya site factsheet
Kenya Taita Hills Forests site factsheet
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves site factsheet
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi) site factsheet
Rwanda Cyamudongo forest site factsheet
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park site factsheet
Rwanda Volcans National Park site factsheet
South Africa Alexandria coastal belt site factsheet
South Africa Amatole Forest Complex site factsheet
South Africa Blue Swallow Natural Heritage Site site factsheet
South Africa Blyde River Canyon site factsheet
South Africa Eastern False Bay mountains site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Karkloof Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Katberg - Readsdale forest complex site factsheet
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Mistbelt Forests site factsheet
South Africa Mac-Mac Escarpment and Forests site factsheet
South Africa Outeniqua mountains site factsheet
South Africa Songimvelo Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Southern Langeberg mountains site factsheet
South Africa Soutpansberg site factsheet
South Africa Tsitsikamma National Park site factsheet
South Africa UKhahlamba Drakensberg Park site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
South Africa Wolkberg Forest Belt site factsheet
South Sudan Imatong mountains site factsheet
South Sudan Kidepo site factsheet
Tanzania Arusha National Park site factsheet
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Livingstone Mountains forests site factsheet
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area site factsheet
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area site factsheet
Tanzania Mahali Mountain National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro site factsheet
Tanzania Mount Rungwe site factsheet
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area site factsheet
Tanzania Nguru Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Nguu Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Njombe forests site factsheet
Tanzania North Pare Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Rubeho Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania South Pare Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Umalila Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Uvidunda Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains site factsheet
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park site factsheet
Uganda Kibale National Park site factsheet
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park site factsheet
Uganda Mgahinga Gorilla National Park site factsheet
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park site factsheet
Uganda Mount Moroto Forest Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude marginal resident
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Buteo oreophilus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author Hartert & Neumann, 1914
Population size 670-6700 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,240,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions