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Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(i) 
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v);C2a(i);D1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,700 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 270 medium Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 5 - - -
Largest subpopulation 51-250 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number c.400 individuals, equivalent to c.270 mature individuals.
Trend justification: There are no new data on trends; however, the species is suspected to still be slowly declining, owing mainly to habitat loss and persecution.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Cuba Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cuba Alejandro de Humboldt site factsheet
Cuba Alturas de Banao site factsheet
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande site factsheet
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Cauto site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Mayarí site factsheet
Cuba Desembarco del Granma site factsheet
Cuba Gibara site factsheet
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila site factsheet
Cuba Gran Piedra - Pico Mogote site factsheet
Cuba Guanahacabibes site factsheet
Cuba Hatibonico - Baitiquirí - Imías site factsheet
Cuba La Mensura site factsheet
Cuba Limones - Tuabaquey site factsheet
Cuba Mil Cumbres site factsheet
Cuba Pico Cristal site factsheet
Cuba Río Máximo site factsheet
Cuba Siboney - Juticí site factsheet
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo site factsheet
Cuba Sierra del Rosario site factsheet
Cuba Topes de Collantes site factsheet
Cuba Turquino - Bayamesa site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Accipiter gundlachi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author Lawrence, 1860
Population size 270 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,700 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species