email a friend
printable version
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 23,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number > c.1,500,000 individuals (Ferguson-Lees et al. 2001), while national population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1980 have been stable, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Brunei Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Chad Vagrant Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant     Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macao (China) Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malaysia Vagrant Extant      
Mali Vagrant Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Monaco Native Extant Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Native Extant      
Portugal Native Extant     Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
San Marino Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
South Africa Vagrant Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
Spain Native Extant     Yes
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant     Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant   Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant      
Western Sahara Vagrant Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Portugal Laurissilva site factsheet
Portugal Maciço Montanhoso Oriental site factsheet
Portugal Ponta do Pargo site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Spain El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest site factsheet
Spain Garajonay National Park site factsheet
Spain La Palma laurel forest site factsheet
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras site factsheet
Spain Santa Trsula and La Victoria laurel forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Accipiter nisus. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 23,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species