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Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 660,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor Estimated 2012
Population trend Stable Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number in the tens of thousands. The European population is estimated at 3,500-6,900 pairs, which equates to 7,000-13,800 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 75-94% of the global range (BirdLife International 2004), so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 7,400-18,400 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. This is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe the population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cameroon Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant        
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Vagrant Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tanzania Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Uzbekistan Vagrant Extant        
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Jermook site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Armenia Noravank site factsheet
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest site factsheet
Bulgaria Emine site factsheet
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay site factsheet
Bulgaria Rupite site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora site factsheet
Greece Area of Oriokastro, Lake Delvinaki, Meropis forest, Gormou valley and Mounts Kasidiaris and Douskon site factsheet
Greece Lake Kerkini site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini) site factsheet
Greece Mounts Kato Olympos and Ossa, and Tembi ravine site factsheet
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Northern Arava valley site factsheet
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Jordan Aqaba coast and mountains site factsheet
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor) site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Mujib site factsheet
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Demir Kapija Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei site factsheet
Romania Babadag wood site factsheet
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Russia (European) Akhtubinsk wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Elanskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Golubinskiye Sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Kalachskaya Loop of Don River site factsheet
Russia (European) Kundryuchenskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Migulinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Secretevskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Stepan Rasin Rock site factsheet
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Vicinity of Borisoglebovka (Saratovski [Semenovski] Reserve) site factsheet
Russia (European) Yangiyurtovski reserve and Bakas fen site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations Suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens Suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas Suitable breeding
Forest Temperate Suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry Suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry Suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation Suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry Major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) Suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Reduced reproductive success


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Accipiter brevipes. Downloaded from on 01/12/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/12/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Severtsov, 1850)
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 660,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment