email a friend
printable version
 Circus cyaneus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant   Yes    
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Vagrant Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant   Yes    
Austria Native Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahamas Native Extant        
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant     Yes Yes
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cambodia Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Colombia Native Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Croatia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Grenada Native Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant        
Guatemala Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant   Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jamaica Native Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant        
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant   Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Malaysia Vagrant Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant   Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Nicaragua Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant        
Panama Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Senegal Vagrant Extant        
Serbia Native Extant   Yes    
Singapore Vagrant Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes    
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sweden Native Extant     Yes Yes
Switzerland Native Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant        
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Venezuela Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Belarus Balota Zvaniec site factsheet
Belarus Chavanščyna site factsheet
Belarus Kaz'jany site factsheet
Belarus L'va floodplain site factsheet
Czech Republic Komarov site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Puhatu mire site factsheet
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests site factsheet
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
Finland Litokaira site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet site factsheet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira site factsheet
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune site factsheet
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux site factsheet
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs site factsheet
France Forêt du Gavre site factsheet
France Forêts du Perche site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges de la Sioule site factsheet
France Gorges de la Truyère site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Petite Beauce site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Plateaux agricoles des environs de Frencq site factsheet
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Trëtterbaach site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Woltz site factsheet
Netherlands Ameland: Duinen-Oerd site factsheet
Netherlands Schiermonnikoog site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: Dunes and Noordvaarder site factsheet
Netherlands Texel: Dunes and Hors site factsheet
Netherlands Vlieland site factsheet
Norway Dovrefjell site factsheet
Portugal Gerês mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Giurgeu Depression site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Râului Negru valley site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Slovenia Črete site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Fresser-Setcases site factsheet
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain La Demanda mountains site factsheet
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Talamanca-Camarma site factsheet
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons site factsheet
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges site factsheet
Sweden Lake Ånnsjön-Storlien site factsheet
Sweden Sjaunja site factsheet
United Kingdom Airds Moss and Muirkirk Uplands site factsheet
United Kingdom Antrim Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Arran Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom Ballaugh Curraghs site factsheet
United Kingdom Berwyn site factsheet
United Kingdom Bowland Fells site factsheet
United Kingdom Broadland site factsheet
United Kingdom Cairngorms site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands site factsheet
United Kingdom Dorset Heaths and Forests site factsheet
United Kingdom Forest of Clunie site factsheet
United Kingdom Glen App and Galloway Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains site factsheet
United Kingdom Isle of Man Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Langholm - Newcastleton Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Migneint - Arenig - Dduallt site factsheet
United Kingdom New Forest site factsheet
United Kingdom North Lowther Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom Ornkey Mainland Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom Renfrewshire Heights site factsheet
United Kingdom Salisbury Plain site factsheet
United Kingdom Slieve Beagh - Mullaghfad - Lisnaskea site factsheet
United Kingdom Stodmarsh site factsheet
United Kingdom Strath Fleet and Strath Carnaig Moor site factsheet


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Circus cyaneus. Downloaded from on 31/05/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 31/05/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species