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Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) C1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Near Threatened
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 14000-20000 medium Estimated 2004
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16 - - -
Population justification: Its global population is estimated to number 7,200-10,000 pairs, roughly equating to 14,000-20,000 mature individuals. This consists of 1,700-1,900 pairs in Europe (BirdLife International 2004; Anon. 2004) and 5,500-8,000 pairs in Asia (Anon. 2004). The population in Korea has been estimated at c.50-10,000 wintering individuals (Brazil 2009). The estimate roughly equates to 21,000-30,000 individuals in total.
Trend justification: Although the European population is increasing, the much larger Asian population appears to be in decline. Overall, a slow to moderate and on-going decline is suspected.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Unknown Extant Yes      
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Cambodia Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Croatia Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extinct Yes      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extinct Yes      
Egypt Vagrant Extant   Yes    
France Reintroduced Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Native Extinct Yes      
Japan Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malaysia Vagrant Extant        
Moldova Native Extinct Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant        
Morocco Unknown Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant   Yes    
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extinct Yes      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant        
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extinct Yes      
South Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Vagrant Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Azerbaijan Gekchai Bozdag mountains site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lachin area site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Mooteh Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Sarani site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park site factsheet
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone site factsheet
Kazakhstan Assy Plateau site factsheet
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge site factsheet
Kazakhstan Toraygyr Ridge site factsheet
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Barandabhar forests and wetlands site factsheet
Nepal Chitwan National Park site factsheet
Nepal Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands site factsheet
Nepal Dharan forests site factsheet
Nepal Farmlands in Lumbini area site factsheet
Nepal Khaptad National Park site factsheet
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Mai Valley forests site factsheet
Nepal Nawalparasi forests site factsheet
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park site factsheet
Portugal Malcata mountains site factsheet
Portugal River Guadiana site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube site factsheet
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Berkubinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kasumkentski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Malka river ravine site factsheet
Russia (European) Orota depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river site factsheet
Russia (European) Samurski ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers site factsheet
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range site factsheet
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza site factsheet
Spain Canalizos mountain range (Saceruela) site factsheet
Spain Cedillo reservoir site factsheet
Spain Cijara reservoir site factsheet
Spain East Gata mountain range site factsheet
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias site factsheet
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas site factsheet
Spain Iruelas valley site factsheet
Spain Lácara-Morante site factsheet
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range site factsheet
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Northern slope of Guadarrama mountain range site factsheet
Spain Peña de Francia site factsheet
Spain San Pedro mountain range site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla site factsheet
Spain Sierra Pelada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros site factsheet
Spain Tramuntana mountains site factsheet
Spain West Andévalo site factsheet
Syria Jabal Abdul Aziz site factsheet
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Aktash massif site factsheet
Tajikistan Dashtidjum site factsheet
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz site factsheet
Tajikistan Ishkashim site factsheet
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir site factsheet
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge site factsheet
Tajikistan Mogoltau massif site factsheet
Turkey Akdağ - Çivril site factsheet
Turkey Ardahan forest site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey İğdır Plain site factsheet
Turkey Kızılcahamam Forests site factsheet
Turkey Köroğlu Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Murat Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Sarıkamış Forest site factsheet
Turkey Sarıyar Reservoir site factsheet
Turkey Şemdinli Valley site factsheet
Turkey Sündiken Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Türkmenbaba Mountain site factsheet
Turkmenistan Badhyz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabil site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garachop site factsheet
Turkmenistan Koytendag site factsheet
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan site factsheet
Turkmenistan Sumbar site factsheet
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan site factsheet
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Bukantau Mountain Range site factsheet
Uzbekistan Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range site factsheet
Uzbekistan Darasay Gorge site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dzhum-Dzhum site factsheet
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe site factsheet
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River site factsheet
Uzbekistan Mount Aktau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Nuratau Range site factsheet
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley site factsheet
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge site factsheet
Uzbekistan South-west Gizzar Foothills site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tereklisay section of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 300 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4900 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Medicine Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, decorations, curios Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Aegypius monachus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size 14000-20000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species