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Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 7436 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000-999999 poor Estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.8 - - -
Population justification: The European population is estimated at 32,400-34,400 pairs, which equates to 64,800-68,800 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Approximately 10% of the global range for this species falls within Europe, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 648,000-688,000 mature individuals. It is placed in the band 500,000-999,999 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is increasing in its European range (BirdLife International 2015) and re-introductions have taken place in France. The central Asian population is suspected to be stable. Populations in North Africa and Turkey are suspected to be in decline owing to persecution, shooting, poisoning and loss of suitable food owing to changing farming practices. However, the overall population trend is suspected to be increasing.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Vagrant Extant        
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Vagrant Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant     Yes  
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes      
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant     Yes Yes
Romania Native Extinct Yes      
Russia Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant        
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Togo Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Vagrant Extant        
Yemen Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Albania Thethi site factsheet
Armenia Dsegh site factsheet
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Azerbaijan Gekchai Bozdag mountains site factsheet
Azerbaijan Zuvand upland site factsheet
Bulgaria Madzharovo site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
Croatia Kvarner Islands site factsheet
Croatia Prvic island site factsheet
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserve on Krk island site factsheet
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island site factsheet
Croatia Velebit site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Limnatis Valley site factsheet
France Eth Turoun des Aureys site factsheet
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte site factsheet
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles site factsheet
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin. site factsheet
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau site factsheet
France Pènes du Moulle de Jaut site factsheet
France Pic de l'Estibet et Mondragon site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains site factsheet
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikti site factsheet
Greece Mount Idi site factsheet
Greece Mount Jouchtas site factsheet
Greece Mount Paramithias site factsheet
Greece Mounts Kato Olympos and Ossa, and Tembi ravine site factsheet
Greece Nestos gorge site factsheet
Greece Peristeri mountain site factsheet
Greece Prassiano gorge site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece Valtou mountains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bamou National Park site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area site factsheet
Iraq Bakhma, Dukan and Darbandikhan dams site factsheet
Iraq Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort site factsheet
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Lake Kinneret and Kinerot site factsheet
Italy Coast between Bosa and Alghero site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Petra site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Araba site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Mujib site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Yarmuk site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Portugal Côa valley site factsheet
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys site factsheet
Portugal Upper River Tejo site factsheet
Russia (European) Akhmet-Skala ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Lower Urushten river site factsheet
Russia (European) Ravine of Cherek-Balkarski river site factsheet
Russia (European) Ravine of Gundelen-Tyzyl river site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Urup river site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Hima al-Fiqrah site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jabal al-Lawz site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim site factsheet
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka site factsheet
Slovenia Breginjski Stol site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Karst site factsheet
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley site factsheet
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river site factsheet
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza site factsheet
Spain Areta, Archuba and Zariquieta mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Arlanza Valley-Peñas de Cervera site factsheet
Spain Arnedillo-Isasa crag site factsheet
Spain Bajo Alcanadre-Serreta de Tramaced site factsheet
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho site factsheet
Spain Boumort mountains site factsheet
Spain Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range site factsheet
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Ceuta site factsheet
Spain Coria mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Duratón canyon site factsheet
Spain Echauri crags site factsheet
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias site factsheet
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera site factsheet
Spain Gorramendi mountain and Itxusi crags site factsheet
Spain Guara mountain range site factsheet
Spain Humada-Peña Amaya site factsheet
Spain Izaga crag site factsheet
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range) site factsheet
Spain Las Contiendas mountain range site factsheet
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range site factsheet
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Líjar mountain range-Zaframagon crag site factsheet
Spain Moncayo mountain range site factsheet
Spain Monfragüe site factsheet
Spain Montejo de la Vega-Riaza canyon site factsheet
Spain Morella pass site factsheet
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain site factsheet
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range site factsheet
Spain Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros site factsheet
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero site factsheet
Spain River Guadalope site factsheet
Spain River Lobos canyon site factsheet
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range site factsheet
Spain River Mesa canyons site factsheet
Spain San Pedro mountain range site factsheet
Spain Sant Gervás mountains site factsheet
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal site factsheet
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba site factsheet
Spain Sierra Pelada mountain range site factsheet
Spain Sobrón canyon site factsheet
Spain Tarifa site factsheet
Spain Tiermes-Caracena site factsheet
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos site factsheet
Spain Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons site factsheet
Spain Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña site factsheet
Spain Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range site factsheet
Spain West Andévalo site factsheet
Syria Jabal Abdul Aziz site factsheet
Syria Jabal Slenfeh site factsheet
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush site factsheet
Syria Yarmuk valley site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey İğdır Plain site factsheet
Turkey Kazankaya Valley site factsheet
Turkey Küpeli Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Tanin Tanin Mountains site factsheet
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Jebel Hafit site factsheet
Yemen Haraz mountains site factsheet
Yemen Jabal al-Nabi Shu'ayb site factsheet
Yemen Jabal Sumarah site factsheet
Yemen Mahwit site factsheet
Yemen Wadi al-Birayn site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate Suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate Suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation Suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation Suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Species mortality


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Gyps fulvus. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Hablizl, 1783)
Population size 500000-999999 mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 10,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment