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Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A3e 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Near Threatened
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,680,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 66000-334000 poor Estimated 2001
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18.3 - - -
Population justification: This species's global population size has apparently not been quantified, although Ferguson-Lees and Christie (2001) suggest that a six-figure population would be realistic. It is therefore preliminarily placed in the band for 100,000-499,999 individuals, assumed to equate to c.66,000-334,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: It is suspected that this species's population will undergo a decline of 25-29% over the next three generations, owing to the expected impacts of diclofenac use in livestock.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant        
Cambodia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Malaysia Native Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant        
Pakistan Native Extant        
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Big Pamir site factsheet
Afghanistan Salang Kotal site factsheet
Afghanistan Small Pamir site factsheet
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Assy Plateau site factsheet
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve site factsheet
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Khaptad National Park site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park site factsheet
Nepal Rara National Park site factsheet
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park site factsheet
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park site factsheet
Nepal Tamur valley and watershed site factsheet
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake site factsheet
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz site factsheet
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Kulikalon Lakes site factsheet
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) site factsheet
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) site factsheet
Uzbekistan Angren Plateau site factsheet
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley site factsheet
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Altitude 1200 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits 175 - 6000 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Othe
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Medicine - human & veterinary - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gyps himalayensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author Hume, 1869
Population size 66000-334000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,680,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species