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Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,840,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 9,030,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1300-6700 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.8 - - -
Population justification: Ferguson-Lees et al. (2001) estimated the population to number 1,000-10,000 individuals, but in Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 300-700 breeding pairs, equating to 900-2,100 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). A revised global estimate is therefore 2,000-10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 1,300-6,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: This species is declining throughout its range with the exception of Northern Spain where the population has increased since 1986. Poisoning, both accidental and targeted, as well as habitat degradation, disturbance of breeding site and collision with power lines are considered to be the main threats (Ferguson- Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant      
Albania Native Possibly Extinct      
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Reintroduced Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extinct      
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant   Yes  
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Cyprus Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Djibouti Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
France Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Greece Native Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant   Yes  
Italy Reintroduced Extant      
Jordan Native Extinct      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extinct Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Possibly Extinct      
Mauritania Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extinct Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Namibia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
North Korea Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Vagrant Extinct   Yes  
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Romania Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extinct Yes    
Somalia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
South Africa Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes  
Switzerland Reintroduced Extant   Yes  
Syria Native Extinct   Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Armenia Zangezoor site factsheet
France Cirque de Gavarnie site factsheet
France Forêts domaniales de Corse site factsheet
France Haut Giffre site factsheet
France Massif du Canigou-Carança site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Puig Carlit et environs site factsheet
France Vallée d'Asco site factsheet
France Vallée de la Restonica site factsheet
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier site factsheet
France Vallée du Verghello site factsheet
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique site factsheet
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Krioneritis mountain site factsheet
Greece Lefka mountains site factsheet
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikti site factsheet
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka site factsheet
Greece Mount Idi site factsheet
Greece Mount Kedros and Kourtaliotiko gorge site factsheet
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Ag. Dikaios and Modia plateau site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos site factsheet
Greece Mount Thryptis and Mount Ornon site factsheet
Greece Mount Vardousia site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area site factsheet
Iraq Bakhma, Dukan and Darbandikhan dams site factsheet
Iraq Ser Amadiya site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum site factsheet
Jordan Wadi Mujib site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains site factsheet
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Marinskaya cuesta of Skalisti ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Priel'brus'ye National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Ravine of Gundelen-Tyzyl river site factsheet
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Tlyaratinski reserve site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jabal al-Lawz site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Shallal ad-Dahna site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment site factsheet
Spain Alt Pallars site factsheet
Spain Areta, Archuba and Zariquieta mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho site factsheet
Spain Boumort mountains site factsheet
Spain Cadí mountains site factsheet
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella site factsheet
Spain Guara mountain range site factsheet
Spain Izaga crag site factsheet
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains site factsheet
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa site factsheet
Spain Oturia-Canciás site factsheet
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera site factsheet
Spain Posets-Maladeta site factsheet
Spain San Juan de la Peña-Oroel crag site factsheet
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret site factsheet
Spain Sant Gervás mountains site factsheet
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal site factsheet
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis site factsheet
Turkey Aladağlar site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey İlgaz Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Mount Ararat site factsheet
Turkey Munzur Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Şemdinli Valley site factsheet
Turkey Sündiken Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Tanin Tanin Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Yalnızçam Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Zap Suyu Valley site factsheet
Yemen Haraz mountains site factsheet
Yemen Jabal Sumarah site factsheet
Yemen Kawkaban - Shibam site factsheet
Yemen Mahwit site factsheet
Yemen Wadi al-Birayn site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 1000 - 7500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 300 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluct Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluct Low Impact: 5
Indirect ecosystem effects
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluct Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Species mortality


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Historical

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gypaetus barbatus. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size 1300-6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,840,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions