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European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,990,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 17,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.8 - - -
Population justification: Ferguson-Lees et al. (2001) estimated the population to number 100,000-1,000,000 individuals, but in Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 110,000-160,000 breeding pairs, equating to 330,000-480,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Hence a revised global estimate is 350,000-1,000,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for widespread declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant Yes    
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes   Yes
Benin Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Burkina Faso Vagrant Extant      
Burundi Vagrant Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes    
France Native Extant Yes   Yes
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant     Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant     Yes
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant     Yes
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant Yes   Yes
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Spain Native Extant Yes   Yes
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tanzania Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes   Yes
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Vagrant Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Jermook site factsheet
Armenia Mount Ara site factsheet
Austria Lower course of the Traun site factsheet
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Dražbitka-Svina site factsheet
Belarus Kaz'jany site factsheet
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Belgium Lesse et Lomme site factsheet
Belgium Ronde Put site factsheet
Belgium Sinémurienne site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Persenk site factsheet
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Czech Republic Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Pálava site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Otepää site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
France Barthes de l'Adour site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne site factsheet
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne site factsheet
France Brenne: Forêt de Lancosme site factsheet
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux site factsheet
France Forêt de Chaux site factsheet
France Forêt de Haguenau site factsheet
France Forêt de Saou site factsheet
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth site factsheet
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel site factsheet
France Forêts du Perche site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dordogne site factsheet
France Gorges de la Sioule site factsheet
France Gorges de la Truyère site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache site factsheet
France Hautes Corbières site factsheet
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges site factsheet
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Pointe de Grave site factsheet
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt site factsheet
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Hungary Aggtelek Karst site factsheet
Hungary Bükk site factsheet
Hungary North Bakony site factsheet
Hungary Őrség site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area site factsheet
Israel Hula valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Lithuania Adutiskis & Guntauninkai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Buda-Pravieniskes forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Plinksiai state Nature Reserve and its environs site factsheet
Lithuania Rudninkai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Vainutas, Begedziai, Zasyciai & neighbouring forests complex site factsheet
Lithuania Zalioji & Gitenai forests complex site factsheet
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure site factsheet
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Forest at Drawa River site factsheet
Poland Knyszyn Forest site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Roztocze site factsheet
Poland Sieniawa Forest site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Portugal Cabeção site factsheet
Portugal Gerês mountains site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Subcarpaţii Vrancei site factsheet
Romania Trascău Mountains site factsheet
Romania Vânători - Neamţ site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Malé Karpaty site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Spain Ancares mountains site factsheet
Spain Babia-Somiedo site factsheet
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Montes Aquilanos range site factsheet
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Riaño site factsheet
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet
Turkey Mount Ida (Kaz Mountains) site factsheet
United Kingdom New Forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pernis apivorus. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,990,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species