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LC
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,620,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 17,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 21.6 - - -
Trend justification: Populations are suspected to be declining rapidly through the combined impact of predation by invasive species, pollution, food shortages caused by the depletion of fisheries and adult mortality in fishing nets.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Native Extant        
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Canada Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Estonia Unknown Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Germany Native Extant   Yes    
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Greenland (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
Iceland Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant   Yes    
Latvia Unknown Extant        
Lithuania Unknown Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Monaco Unknown Extant        
Montenegro Vagrant Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Vagrant Extant        
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Native Extant Yes      
Sweden Native Extant   Yes    
Tunisia Native Extant        
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
USA Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Unknown Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Canada Baccalieu Island site factsheet
Canada Baie de Brador site factsheet
Canada Gannet Islands site factsheet
Canada Wadham Islands and adjacent Marine Area site factsheet
Canada Witless Bay Islands site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Fugloy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Hestur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Kalsoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Koltur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Lítla Dímun site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Mykines and Mykineshólmur site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Nólsoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Sandoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Skúvoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Stóra Dímun site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Streymoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Suduroy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Svínoy site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vágar site factsheet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vidoy site factsheet
Gibraltar (to UK) Strait of Gibraltar site factsheet
Greenland (to Denmark) Assissut (Braendvinsskaerene) near Kronprinsens Ejland site factsheet
Greenland (to Denmark) Islands and waters south and west of Upernavik town site factsheet
Greenland (to Denmark) Islands west and north-west of Simiuttat and south of Qilangarsuit site factsheet
Greenland (to Denmark) Nunatsiaq (Rotten) site factsheet
Greenland (to Denmark) Qilangaarsuit and adjacent islands site factsheet
Iceland Álftanes-Akrar site factsheet
Iceland Bjarnarey Vopnafirði site factsheet
Iceland Breidafjördur site factsheet
Iceland Grímsey site factsheet
Iceland Látrabjarg site factsheet
Iceland Papey site factsheet
Iceland Skrúdur site factsheet
Iceland Vestmannaeyjar site factsheet
Ireland Blasket Islands site factsheet
Ireland Cliffs of Moher site factsheet
Ireland Illaunmaistir (Oilean Maistir) site factsheet
Ireland Puffin Island site factsheet
Ireland Saltee Islands site factsheet
Ireland The Skelligs: Great Skellig and Little Skellig site factsheet
Norway Anda site factsheet
Norway Bleiksøy site factsheet
Norway Gjesværstappan site factsheet
Norway Hjelmsøy site factsheet
Norway Loppa site factsheet
Norway Lovunden site factsheet
Norway Nord-Fugløy site factsheet
Norway Nykvåg site factsheet
Norway Røst site factsheet
Norway Runde site factsheet
Norway Sør-Fugløy site factsheet
Norway Værøy site factsheet
Russia (European) Ainov islands site factsheet
Russia (European) Gavrilovski archipelago site factsheet
Russia (European) Seven islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Coquet Island site factsheet
United Kingdom Fair Isle site factsheet
United Kingdom Farne Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Firth of Forth Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Flannan Isles site factsheet
United Kingdom Foula site factsheet
United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field site factsheet
United Kingdom Shiant Isles site factsheet
United Kingdom St Kilda site factsheet
United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subarctic major breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fratercula arctica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Alcidae (Auks)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,620,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species