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Black Noddy Anous minutus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.8 - - -
Trend justification: Although Wetlands International consider the population trend to be unknown, the population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
American Samoa Native Extant      
Anguilla (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Australia Native Extant Yes    
Bahamas Unknown Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Belize Native Extant      
Benin Unknown Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Brazil Native Extant      
Cameroon Unknown Extant      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Chile Vagrant Extant     Yes
Colombia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Cook Islands Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Unknown Extant      
Cuba Unknown Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Dominica Native Extant      
Dominican Republic Unknown Extant      
Ecuador Unknown Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant Yes    
Fiji Native Extant      
French Guiana Unknown Extant      
French Polynesia Native Extant      
French Southern Territories Unknown Extant      
Gabon Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Gambia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Ghana Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Grenada Unknown Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant      
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Guatemala Unknown Extant      
Guyana Unknown Extant      
Haiti Unknown Extant      
Honduras Unknown Extant      
Indonesia Native Extant      
Jamaica Unknown Extant      
Japan Native Extant Yes    
Kiribati Native Extant      
Liberia Unknown Extant      
Malaysia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Marshall Islands Native Extant Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant      
Nauru Native Extant      
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant      
New Zealand Native Extant Yes    
Nicaragua Unknown Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Niue (to New Zealand) Unknown Extant      
Norfolk Island (to Australia) Native Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant Yes    
Palau Native Extant Yes    
Panama Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Papua New Guinea Native Extant      
Philippines Native Extant      
Pitcairn Islands (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Samoa Unknown Extant      
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant Yes    
Sierra Leone Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Solomon Islands Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Helena (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Martin (to France) Unknown Extant      
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Suriname Unknown Extant      
Timor-Leste Unknown Extant      
Togo Unknown Extant      
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Native Extant      
Tonga Native Extant      
Trinidad and Tobago Unknown Extant      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Tuvalu Native Extant      
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant Yes    
USA Vagrant Extant Yes    
Vanuatu Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Venezuela Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Unknown Extant      
Virgin Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Aruba (to Netherlands) San Nicolas Bay Reef Islands site factsheet
Australia Capricornia Cays site factsheet
Australia Coringa-Herald Reefs site factsheet
Australia Piper Islands site factsheet
Australia Raine Island, Moulter and Maclennan Cays site factsheet
Brazil Atol das Rocas site factsheet
Dominica L'llet site factsheet
Equatorial Guinea Annobón site factsheet
Kiribati Millenium (Caroline) Island site factsheet
Kiribati Millenium (Caroline) Island Marine site factsheet
Micronesia, Federated States of East Fayu site factsheet
Micronesia, Federated States of East Fayu Marine site factsheet
Micronesia, Federated States of Pohnpei Marine site factsheet
Micronesia, Federated States of Wolouna, Ahnd Atoll site factsheet
Palau Fana Island Marine site factsheet
Palau Fana Island, Sonsorol site factsheet
Palau Helen Island Marine site factsheet
Palau Helen Island, Hatohobei site factsheet
São Tomé e Príncipe Tinhosas islands site factsheet
St Helena (to UK) Ascension Island: mainland and stacks site factsheet
St Helena (to UK) Boatswainbird Island site factsheet
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Atafu site factsheet
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Nukunonu site factsheet
Tonga Maninita, Taula, Lualoli site factsheet
Tonga Vava'u Marine site factsheet
USA Northwestern Hawaiian Islands site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Isla de Aves site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major resident
Marine Neritic Pelagic major resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major resident
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable resident
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 50 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Anous minutus. Downloaded from on 23/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls and terns)
Species name author Boie, 1844
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species