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Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,890,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,100,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000 poor Estimated 2008
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.8 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated at 100,000 individuals (Ferguson-Lees and Christie. 2001).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to fluctuate in response to vole populations (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Austria Native Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Benin Native Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant   Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant   Yes    
Cameroon Native Extant   Yes    
Cape Verde Native Extant       Yes
Central African Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Chad Native Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant   Yes    
Egypt Native Extant   Yes    
Eritrea Native Extant   Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes    
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant   Yes    
Ghana Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant     Yes Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant     Yes  
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant   Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant       Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Libya Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant   Yes    
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant   Yes    
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant   Yes    
Nigeria Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Poland Native Extant   Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Slovakia Native Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes    
Somalia Vagrant Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes   Yes
Spain Native Extant   Yes   Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Vagrant Extant        
Togo Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant   Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant       Yes
Yemen Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Dsegh site factsheet
Armenia Gorayk site factsheet
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Armenia Noravank site factsheet
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills site factsheet
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst site factsheet
Bulgaria Lomovete site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Studenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Suha Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan site factsheet
Cape Verde Serra do Pico da Antónia site factsheet
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Cha Potami River site factsheet
Cyprus Diarizos Valley site factsheet
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hannoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Central Rodos and the areas of Lindos, Mesanagros and Katavia-Prassonisi site factsheet
Greece Ikaria island site factsheet
Greece Ios, Sikinos, Folegandros island group site factsheet
Greece Islets of North Dodekanisa site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikios, Cape Louros, Lake Psalidi, and Alyki site factsheet
Greece Mounts Dias, Mavrovouni and Koronos site factsheet
Greece North and east Kalimnos, Telendos, and Kalolimnos islands and islets site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Babadag wood site factsheet
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea site factsheet
Russia (European) Bogdinsko-Baskunchakski site factsheet
Russia (European) Bulukhta area site factsheet
Russia (European) Kasumkentski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Zolotarevskaya area site factsheet
Turkey Obruk Plateau site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3900 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 5000 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Buteo rufinus. Downloaded from on 28/04/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/04/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Cretzschmar, 1827)
Population size 100000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,890,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species