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Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,890,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,100,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000 poor Estimated 2008
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.8 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated at 100,000 individuals (Ferguson-Lees and Christie. 2001).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to fluctuate in response to vole populations (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant   Yes  
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant      
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes  
Belarus Vagrant Extant      
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Benin Native Extant   Yes  
Bhutan Native Extant   Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant   Yes  
Cameroon Native Extant   Yes  
Cape Verde Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant   Yes  
Chad Native Extant   Yes  
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes  
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant   Yes  
Egypt Native Extant   Yes  
Eritrea Native Extant   Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes  
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Vagrant Extant      
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant   Yes  
Ghana Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Hungary Native Extant     Yes
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Jordan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant   Yes  
Kuwait Native Extant      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Vagrant Extant      
Mali Native Extant   Yes  
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes  
Nepal Native Extant   Yes  
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Niger Native Extant   Yes  
Nigeria Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant      
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant   Yes  
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant   Yes  
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes  
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Switzerland Vagrant Extant      
Syria Native Extant Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Vagrant Extant      
Togo Vagrant Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant   Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Dsegh site factsheet
Armenia Gorayk site factsheet
Armenia Khosrov Reserve site factsheet
Armenia Meghri site factsheet
Armenia Noravank site factsheet
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills site factsheet
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst site factsheet
Bulgaria Lomovete site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Studenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Suha Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan site factsheet
Cape Verde Serra do Pico da Antónia site factsheet
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Diarizos Valley site factsheet
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Ha Potami River site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hannoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Meskheti site factsheet
Greece Central Rodos and the areas of Lindos, Mesanagros and Katavia-Prassonisi site factsheet
Greece Ikaria island site factsheet
Greece Ios, Sikinos, Folegandros island group site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Dikios, Cape Louros, Lake Psalidi, and Alyki site factsheet
Greece Mounts Dias, Mavrovouni and Koronos site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Babadag wood site factsheet
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea site factsheet
Russia (European) Bogdinsko-Baskunchakski site factsheet
Russia (European) Bulukhta area site factsheet
Russia (European) Kasumkentski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Zolotarevskaya area site factsheet
Turkey Obruk Plateau site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3900 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 5000 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Buteo rufinus. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Accipitridae (Osprey, kites, hawks and eagles)
Species name author (Cretzschmar, 1827)
Population size 100000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,890,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species