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Coal Tit Parus ater

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2010 Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,700,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 20,200,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 12000000-29000000 breeding pairs, equating to 36000000-87000000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 73500000-348000000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be fluctuating based on records of regional trends in recent years (del Hoyo et al. 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant      
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant      
France Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant      
Pakistan Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant      
Portugal Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Pech and Waygal valleys site factsheet
Afghanistan Safed Koh site factsheet
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Mahairas Forest – Tzionia site factsheet
Cyprus Pafos Forest site factsheet
Cyprus Troodos Forest site factsheet
Cyprus Xyllourikos Valley site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve site factsheet
Nepal Khaptad National Park site factsheet
Nepal Rara National Park site factsheet
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4570 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Parus ater. Downloaded from on 19/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Paridae (Tits and chickadees)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 18,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species