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 Larus michahellis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2010 Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Unknown Extant        
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Vagrant Extant        
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Egypt Native Extant   Yes    
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant        
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kuwait Unknown Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Libya Native Extant   Yes    
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malta Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant   Yes    
Monaco Unknown Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Senegal Vagrant Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Lake Arpi site factsheet
Armenia Lake Sevan site factsheet
Bulgaria Bakarlaka site factsheet
Bulgaria Burgasko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ovtcharitsa Reservoir site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie site factsheet
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos site factsheet
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Etangs Narbonnais site factsheet
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria site factsheet
France Iles d'Hyères site factsheet
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance site factsheet
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine site factsheet
Gibraltar (to UK) Strait of Gibraltar site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries site factsheet
Greece Paros, Antiparos and adjacent islands site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iraq Central Marshes site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh site factsheet
Italy Cervia saltpans site factsheet
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon site factsheet
Italy Po Delta site factsheet
Italy Tuscan Archipelago site factsheet
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg site factsheet
Portugal Berlengas site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans site factsheet
Spain Ampurdán marshes site factsheet
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera site factsheet
Spain Cape Busto-Luanco site factsheet
Spain Chafarinas Islands site factsheet
Spain Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary site factsheet
Spain Cíes islands site factsheet
Spain Costa da Morte Norte site factsheet
Spain Entorno marino de las rías Baixas site factsheet
Spain Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Spain La Mola of Formentera site factsheet
Spain Llobregat delta site factsheet
Spain Medas islands site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Spain Ons islands site factsheet
Spain Plataforma Marina del Delta del Ebro - Columbretes site factsheet
Spain Ribadesella-Tina Mayor site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Gourine site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Turkey Aktaş Lake site factsheet
Turkey Ayvalık site factsheet
Turkey Bendimahi Delta site factsheet
Turkey Bosphorus site factsheet
Turkey Büyükçekmece Lake site factsheet
Turkey Çiçek Islands site factsheet
Turkey Çıldır Lake site factsheet
Turkey Devegeçidi Dam site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Karakaya Reservoir site factsheet
Turkey Keban Islands site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Islands site factsheet
Turkey South Keban Dam site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Turkey Van Plains site factsheet

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Larus michahellis. Downloaded from on 07/05/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 07/05/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Species name author J.F. Naumann, 1840
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species